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Geochemical records of the sediments and their significance in Dongping Lake Area, the lower reach of Yellow River , North China

Yu Lin-song Liu Hong-bo Wan Fang Hu Zun-fang Luo Huai-dong Zhang Xiu-wen

Yu Lin-song, Liu Hong-bo, Wan Fang, et al. 2021: Geochemical records of the sediments and their significance in Dongping Lake Area, the lower reach of Yellow River , North China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9(2): 140-151. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.02.006
Citation: Yu Lin-song, Liu Hong-bo, Wan Fang, et al. 2021: Geochemical records of the sediments and their significance in Dongping Lake Area, the lower reach of Yellow River , North China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9(2): 140-151. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.02.006

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.02.006

Geochemical records of the sediments and their significance in Dongping Lake Area, the lower reach of Yellow River , North China

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  • Figure  1.  Schematic representation of Dongping Lake with location of sampling sites

    Note: S1 is the sample of the Dawen River flooding alluvial deposits; S6 and S9 are samples of surface sediments in Dongping Lake; S11, S12, and S13 are samples of the Yellow River flooding alluvial deposits.

    Figure  2.  Sampling of Dongping Lake surface sediments (A) and sediment sampling of the Yellow River floodplain (B)

    Note: The red circle in Figure B (e) represents the sampling position.

    Figure  3.  Diagram of major elements in surface sediments

    Figure  4.  R-type cluster analysis of major elements

    Figure  5.  Bivariate plot of Organic matter vs. TiO2

    Figure  6.  Bivariate plot of TiO2 vs. Al2O3 (a) and TiO2 vs. Zr (b)(Hayashi et al. 1997)

    Note: S1: Sample of Dawen River; S6 and S9: Samples of Dongping Lake; S11, S12, and S13: Samples of the Yellow River.

    Figure  7.  Comparisons of UCC-normalized REE patterns

    Figure  8.  Bivariate plot of (La/Lu)N vs. (La/Sm)N (a) and ∑HREE vs. ∑LREE (b)

    Note: S1: Sample of Dawen River; S6 and S9: Samples of Dongping Lake; S11, S12, and S13: Samples of the Yellow River.

    Figure  9.  Bivariate plot of Rb vs. Sr in Dongping Lake (a) and the Yellow River (b)

    Note: S1: Sample of Dawen River; S6 and S9: Samples of Dongping Lake; S11, S12, and S13: Samples of the Yellow River.

    Figure  10.  Bivariate plot of SiO2 vs. Rb/Sr (a), Sr vs. Rb/Sr (b) for the investigated sediments

    Note: S1: Sample of Dawen River; S6 and S9: samples of Dongping Lake; S11, S12, and S13: Samples of the Yellow River.

    Table  1.   Contents of metal oxides, organic matter and pH distribution in the study area / wt%

    pHaOrganic mattersbSiO2Al2O3Fe2O3MgOCaONa2OK2OMnOTiO2P2O5
    S17.777.4068.17613.1154.3881.4102.3552.8402.6090.0660.5410.139
    S67.9519.8040.56813.1335.5832.57313.8940.8532.4650.1180.5480.137
    S97.9980.9028.5359.4934.2591.87421.5590.6371.6750.0770.3760.165
    S118.025.5067.22210.5333.9081.8255.3112.1582.2050.0580.5430.125
    S128.005.6063.77211.0754.2632.0745.9642.0212.2560.0660.5780.138
    S138.0110.1048.74513.8545.6972.9329.2941.2052.7180.1030.6190.165
    Loess in China8.463.9054.6611.544.453.447.871.701.960.200.30
    CJav///11.6405.4602.9103.0601.4702.200///
    HHav///9.8603.3501.8403.8802.2501.950///
    UCC//66.0015.204.502.204.203.903.40/0.500.17
    Note: pHa : Organic mattersb : ‰; Loess in China, from Wen QZ, 1989; CJav: Average sediment of the Yangtze River, HHav: Average sediment of the Yellow River, from Yang SY et al. 2003; UCC: The upper continental crust, from Taylor et al. 1985.
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Contents of REE and trace elements in the study area / ppm

    LaCePrNdSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLuRbSrZrRb/Sr(La/Lu)N (La/Yb)N (La/Sm)N (Gd/Yb)N δEu δCe ∑LREE ∑HREE ∑L/∑H ∑REE
    S1 29.51 54.87 7.64 28.45 5.19 1.09 4.55 0.70 3.97 0.74 2.16 0.35 2.05 0.32 111.2 246.7 281.8 0.45 1.38 1.40 1.01 1.32 0.98 0.80 126.74 14.84 8.54 141.58
    S6 38.14 90.10 9.20 34.39 6.35 1.28 5.91 0.92 5.15 0.96 2.74 0.43 2.46 0.38 106.2 303.1 135.1 0.35 1.50 1.50 1.07 1.43 0.92 1.05 179.45 18.95 9.47 198.41
    S9 31.71 70.45 7.28 26.88 4.82 0.98 4.38 0.67 3.68 0.68 1.95 0.31 1.74 0.26 70.4 447.4 93.0 0.16 1.82 1.76 1.17 1.50 0.94 1.01 142.13 13.67 10.40 155.80
    S11 25.72 56.42 6.50 24.59 4.75 0.98 4.30 0.70 4.06 0.78 2.26 0.37 2.09 0.32 82.2 201.3 200.6 0.41 1.20 1.19 0.96 1.23 0.95 0.95 118.95 14.89 7.99 133.85
    S12 36.34 80.78 8.70 32.34 6.06 1.22 5.51 0.90 5.00 0.96 2.83 0.46 2.63 0.41 90.5 214.2 220.8 0.42 1.33 1.34 1.07 1.25 0.93 0.99 165.45 18.68 8.86 184.13
    S13 40.09 94.00 9.88 37.23 6.94 1.42 6.47 1.01 5.76 1.06 3.13 0.51 2.85 0.44 111.4 236.9 151.1 0.47 1.37 1.36 1.03 1.35 0.93 1.03 189.55 21.24 8.92 210.79
    Loess in China 33 66.9 6.74 28.2 5.74 1.14 4.87 0.84 4.62 0.95 2.68 0.43 2.74 0.43 88 209 / 0.42 1.15 1.17 1.02 1.06 0.95 0.98 141.72 17.56 8.07 159.28
    Cj av 36.64 66.13 8.7 33.87 6.18 1.31 5.72 0.87 4.85 1 2.64 0.39 2.3 0.35 / 135.5 258.3 / 1.57 1.54 1.06 1.48 0.97 0.81 152.83 18.12 8.43 170.95
    Hh av 29.23 54.5 7.15 26.93 5.05 1.05 4.69 0.75 3.95 0.84 2.24 0.35 2.06 0.32 / 186.6 262.5 / 1.37 1.37 1.03 1.36 0.95 0.82 123.91 15.20 8.15 139.11
    HHjn 26.2 52 6.18 22.8 4.28 0.89 4.28 0.56 3.51 0.63 2.07 0.27 1.96 0.26 / / / / 1.51 1.29 1.09 1.30 0.91 0.89 112.35 13.54 8.30 125.89
    HHw 31 61.8 7.15 26.9 5.02 0.97 4.92 0.65 3.9 0.72 2.29 0.3 2.16 0.3 / / / / 1.55 1.39 1.10 1.36 0.86 0.90 132.84 15.24 8.72 148.08
    Rav 45 95 8 35 7 1.5 5 1 4.5 1 3 0.4 3.5 0.5 / / / / 1.35 1.25 1.15 0.85 1.11 1.09 191.50 18.90 10.13 210.40
    UCC 32 73 7.9 33 5.7 1.24 5.2 0.85 5.8 1.04 3.4 0.5 3.1 0.48 / / / / 1 1 1 1 1 1 152.84 20.37 7.50 173.21
    Note: Loess in China, from Wen QZ, 1989; CJav: Average sediment of the Yangtze River, HHav: Average sediment of the Yellow River, from Yang SY et al. 2003; UCC: The upper continental crust, from Taylor et al. 1985;
    HHjn: Jinan section of the lower Yellow River, sample collection time: April 1996, HHw: Whole rock sample of the Yellow River, from Yang SY et al., 2003; Rav: World river average, from Chester, 2000; (La/Lu)N, (La/Yb)N, (La/Sm)N, (Gd/Yb)N, δEu(Eu/Eu*) and δCe(Ce/Ce*): Calculated by UCC standardization.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-24
  • 录用日期:  2021-04-20
  • 修回日期:  2021-04-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-04
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