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Effect of groundwater on the ecological water environment of typical inland lakes in the Inner Mongolian Plateau

Yu Chu Wu Li-jie Zhang Yi-long Wang Xiu-ya Wang Zhan-chuan Zhang Zhou

Yu C, Wu LJ, Zhang YL, et al. 2022. Effect of groundwater on the ecological water environment of typical inland lakes in the Inner Mongolian Plateau. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10(4): 353-366 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.04.004
Citation: Yu C, Wu LJ, Zhang YL, et al. 2022. Effect of groundwater on the ecological water environment of typical inland lakes in the Inner Mongolian Plateau. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10(4): 353-366 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.04.004

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.04.004

Effect of groundwater on the ecological water environment of typical inland lakes in the Inner Mongolian Plateau

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    Corresponding author: 76930571@qq.com
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  • ②Institute of water resources for pastoral area, MWR, 2018. Study on the influence of “returning irrigation water in the basin to groundwater” on the Daihai Lake.
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    ②Institute of water resources for pastoral area, MWR, 2018. Study on the influence of “returning irrigation water in the basin to groundwater” on the Daihai Lake.
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  • Figure  1.  Location and distribution of sampling points in the study area

    Figure  2.  Geomorphic map of Daihai Basin

    Figure  3.  Typical hydrogeological profile I - I’

    Figure  4.  Watershed aquifer groups partition and groundwater flow field in plain area

    Figure  5.  Frequency distribution histograms of the 222Rn activity measured in Daihai and groundwater

    Figure  6.  Distribution characteristics of TN and TP contents in groundwater in and around Daihai

    Figure  7.  Distribution of 222Rn activity of Daihai Lake bottom, lake water and groundwater (a, b and d are 222Rn activity of surface and bottom lake water and groundwater, respectively, and c is the depth of lake bottom)

    Table  1.   Calculation of groundwater recharge flux based on 222Rn activity

    Source-sink termsParameterUnitValueDescription
    Atmospheric loss Radon concentration in surface lake (Cws) Bq·m−3 78.96±5.28 Measured in the field
    Radon concentration in air (Cair) Bq·m−3 9.61 Measured in the field
    Partition coefficient (α) Dimensionless 0.27 Burnett and Dulaiova, 2003
    Temperature in lake (T) °C 18.4 Measured in the field
    Gas transfer coefficient (k) m·d−1 0.18 Rodellas et al. 2018
    Wind speed (u) m·s−1 1.77 Measured in the field
    Schmidt number (Sc) Dimensionless 1064.37 Pilson, 1998
    Atmospheric loss flux (Fatm) Bq·m−2·d−1 14.03±0.96 Macintyre et al. 1995
    Radon from atmospheric loss Bq·d−1 (6.50±0.45)×108 Equation (1)
    Decay of radon Decay constant of radon d−1 0.181 Wang et al. 2020
    Radon inventory (I222) Bq 1.37×1010 Product of storage and the concentration of radon in lake
    Decay from radon Bq·d−1 (2.49±0.17)×109 Equation (1)
    Sediment diffusion Radon concentration in pore water (Ceq) Bq·m−3 15102.7±1744.47 Assumed to be equal to groundwater
    Radon concentration in bottom lake (Cwb) Bq·m−3 163.88±12.59 Measured in the field
    Radon molecular diffusion coefficient (Ds) cm2·s−1 4.09×10−6 Ullman and Aller, 1982
    Porosity (θ) Dimensionless 0.38 Empirical value according to lithology
    Sediment diffusive flux (Fdiff) Bq·m−2·d−1 37.78±4.41 Martens et al. 1980
    Radon from sediment diffusion Bq·d−1 (1.89±0.22)×109 Equation (1)
    Decay of radium Decay of radium d−1 1.37×10−11 Huang, 2019
    Radium inventory (I226) Bq 8.70×109 Product of storage and the concentration of radium in lake
    Radon from radium decay Bq·d−1 0.12±4.77×10−3 Equation (1)
    River input Radon concentration in river (222Rnin) Bq·m−3 337.50±102.57 Measured in the field
    River inflow flux (Qin) m3·d−1 7084.80±574.78 Measured in the field
    Radon from river input Bq·d−1 (2.39±0.75)×106 Equation (1)
    Groundwater input Radon concentration in groundwater (222Rngw) Bq·m−3 15102.7±1744.47 Measured in the field
    Groundwater recharge (Qgw) m3·d−1 8.27×104 Radon from groundwater input divided by its concentration
    Radon from groundwater input Bq·d−1 (1.25±0.28)×109 Equation (1)
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-15
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