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Optimizing groundwater recharge plan in North China Plain to repair shallow groundwater depression zone, China

Rui-fang Meng Hui-feng Yang Xi-lin Bao Bu-yun Xu Hua Bai Jin-cheng Li Ze-xin Liang

Meng RF, Yang HF, Bao XL, et al. 2023. Optimizing groundwater recharge plan in North China Plain to repair shallow groundwater depression zone, China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11(2): 133-145 doi:  10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280012
Citation: Meng RF, Yang HF, Bao XL, et al. 2023. Optimizing groundwater recharge plan in North China Plain to repair shallow groundwater depression zone, China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11(2): 133-145 doi:  10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280012

doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280012

Optimizing groundwater recharge plan in North China Plain to repair shallow groundwater depression zone, China

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  • Figure  1.  Location Map of the North China Plain

    Figure  2.  Hydrogeological profile of the North China Plain (Zhang et al. 2009)

    Figure  3.  Recharge roadmap in the North China Plain

    Figure  4.  Groundwater deficit in shallow groundwater depression zones of the North China Plain and restoration targets

    (a) Shallow groundwater flow filed in 1984 (restoration targets); (b) shallow groundwater flow filed and deficit in 2020

    Figure  5.  Distribution of priority recharge target areas in the North China Plain

    Figure  6.  Predicted groundwater level recovery in the typical groundwater level depression zone (a) Gaoliqing-Ningbailong depression zone; (b) Feixiang-Guangping depression zone

    Table  1.   Situation of shallow groundwater depression zones in the North China Plain in 2020

    Depression zonesSize/104 km2Depth of the zone centre/m
    Gaoliqing-Ningbailong depression zone9 636.60103.19
    Xiongxian-Bazhou depression zone1 989.1462.82
    Handan Feixiang-Guangping depression zone2 035.5479.75
    Pingxiang-Quzhou depression zone356.8253.52
    Langfang Sanhe depression zone873.6338.51
    Tanghai depression zone823.1230.49
    Luannan-Leting depression zone149.2814.21
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Deficit in shallow groundwater depression zones

    Depression zonesGroundwater level in 2020/mRestoration targets/mDeficit/108 m3
    Gaoliqing-Ningbailong depression zone−55–−105–30227.99
    Xiongxian-Bazhou depression zone−30–−51–1019.52
    Handan Feixiang-Guangping depression zone−30–2042–6046.55
    Pingxiang-Quzhou depression zone−15–025–309.45
    Langfang Sanhe depression zone−10–04–257.84
    Tanghai depression zone−10–−250–44.93
    Luannan-Leting depression zone−10–−50–20.97
    Total317.25
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Regulation space for recharge priority target areas in the North China Plain

    Recharge priority target areasSize/km2Buried depth/mRegulation space/108 m3
    Luanhe River Alluvial-proluvial fan2 728.786–308.30
    Chaobai-Jiyun River Alluvial-proluvial fan2 107.908–3513.90
    Yongding River Alluvial-proluvial fan2 543.9915–3016.30
    Juma River Alluvial-proluvial fan927.3612–287.90
    Hutuo-Dasha River Alluvial-proluvial fan6 456.7118–57118.90
    Fuyang River Alluvial-proluvial fan923.518–414.80
    Zhanghe River Alluvial-proluvial fan1 025.0612–4810.90
    Total16 713.31181.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  4.   Optimized Plan for Groundwater Recharge in the North China Plain

    Recharge
    target areas
    Depression zone repairRecharge sourceRecharge riverDeficit
    /108 m3
    Recharge infiltration rateRepair water requirements
    /108 m3
    Optimized plan
    /108 m3/a
    To be optimised plan—
    recharge volume in 2020
    /108 m3/a
    Luanhe River alluvial-proluvial fan Tanghai depression Zone, Luannan-Leting depression zone Luanhe River Source, Panjikou Reservoir, Daheiting Reservoir, Taolinkou Reservoir Luanhe River 5.90 0.70 7.38 0.56 /
    Chaobai-Jiyun River alluvial-proluvial fan Langfang Sanhe depression zone Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Miyun Reservoir, Huairou Reservoir Chaobai River, North Canal 7.84 0.85 9.22 0.61 7.56
    Yongding River alluvial-proluvial fan Xiongxian-Bazhou depression zone Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Guanting Reservoir Yongding River, North Juma River-Baigou River 19.52 0.495 26.56 1.77 3.46
    Juma River alluvial-proluvial fan Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Angezhuang Reservoir South Juma River 0.57 11.18 0.75 0.88
    Hutuo-Dasha River alluvial-proluvial fan Gaoliqing-Ningbailong depression zone Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Huangbizhuang Reservoir, Wangkuai Reservoir, Xidayang Reservoir Hutuo River, Dasha River, Tanghe River 227.99 0.80 284.99 19.00 11.43
    Fuyang River alluvial-proluvial fan Pingxiang-Quzhou depression zone Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Zhuzhuang Reservoir Qili River-Shunshui River 9.45 0.44 21.48 1.43 2.06
    Zhanghe River alluvial-proluvial fan Handan Feixiang-Guangping depression zone Source of South-to-North Water Diversion Project’s Central Route, Yuecheng Reservoir, Dongwushi Reservoir Fuyang River,Zhanghe River, Anyang River 46.55 0.44 105.80 7.05 3.19
    Total 317.25 317.25 466.60 31.18
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-11-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2023-06-30

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