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Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer

Qaisar Mehmood Muhammad Arshad Muhammad Rizwan Shanawar Hamid Waqas Mehmood Muhammad Ansir Muneer Muhammad Irfan Lubna Anjum

Mehmood Qaisar, Arshad Muhammad, Rizwan Muhammad, et al. 2020: Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 366-380. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007
Citation: Mehmood Qaisar, Arshad Muhammad, Rizwan Muhammad, et al. 2020: Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 366-380. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007

Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer

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  • Figure  1.  Study area map and location of VES points

    Figure  2.  Hypothetical current and potential lines and position of current and potential electrodes (Schlumberger electrode configuration)

    Figure  3.  Verification of VES results by test drilling

    Figure  4.  Spatial distribution map of interpreted resistivity of layers1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively

    Figure  5.  Relation between aquifer interpreted resistivity and groundwater EC of installed tube wells

    Figure  6.  Spatial distribution maps of thickness of layer 1, layer 2, and layer 3

    Figure  7.  Spatial distribution map transverse resistance and longitudinal conductance

    Figure  8.  Spatial distribution map of coefficient of anisotropy

    Table  1.   Summary of interpreted results of 67 VES using IX1D software along with Dar-Zarrouk parameters (TR= Transverse resistance, SL = Longitudinal conductance, λ = Coefficient of anisotropy)

    VES No. Latitude Longitude Interpreted resistivity (Ω·m) Layer thickness (m) Curve type Groundwater parameters (DZ parameters) Aquifer total thickness
    - - ρ1 ρ2 ρ3 ρ4 h1 h2 h3 - TR(Ω·m2) Λ SL Siemens H(m)
    1 30.91039 73.59371 27 62 4 6 3 12 39 KH 981 1.02 10 54
    2 30.79600 73.39500 19 58 2 3 16 K 985 1.83 0.43 19
    3 30.67300 73.39800 23 51 7 2 3 17 57 KQ 1 335 1.05 8.61 77
    4 30.87800 73.42500 39 71 10 3.35 11 K 912 1.39 0.24 14.35
    5 30.71900 73.42200 29 41 14 82 4 17 75 KH 1 863 1.01 5.91 96
    6 30.75737 73.37778 20 39 14 3 19 K 801 1.03 0.64 22
    7 30.85860 73.57402 36 53 16 11 1.33 11.5 49 KQ 1 441 1.09 3.32 61.83
    8 30.73818 73.47733 34 165 19 4 2 6.5 24 KQ 1 597 1.03 1.36 32.5
    9 30.79799 73.44399 52 226 27 157 2 17 89 QH 6 349 1.12 3.41 108
    10 30.55700 73.35600 54 45 116 17 2 7 26 HK 3 439 1.12 0.42 35
    11 30.82042 73.35177 56 35 24 1 12 K 476 1.38 0.36 13
    12 30.69832 73.52022 56 56 38 1 1 10 92 KQ 4 112 1.36 2.62 103
    13 30.83214 73.51469 62 286 135 44 2 10.5 34 KQ 7 717 1.07 0.32 46.5
    14 31.08800 73.50800 65 10 47 8 14.7 H 667 1.01 1.59 22.7
    15 31.01600 73.40800 72 52 23 8 4 16.5 62 KQ 2 572 1.11 3.07 82.5
    16 30.99367 73.48354 70 93 11 5 59 K 5 837 1.00 0.71 95
    17 31.09400 73.59600 64 94 13 7 53 K 5 430 1.06 0.67 70
    18 30.95701 73.56341 34 10 92 6 48 H 684 1.17 4.98 56
    19 30.92900 73.46239 36 34 83 8 63 A 2 430 1.09 2.08 84
    20 31.06400 73.46300 39 34 78 12 8 40 52 KQ 5 728 1.00 2.05 100
    21 31.00927 73.60100 42 22 10 5 56 Q 1 442 1.01 2.66 88
    22 30.92000 73.32900 61 37 99 7 69 A 2 980 1.08 1.98 96
    23 30.92500 73.41000 72 83 30 9 6 52 42 H 6 008 1.00 2.11 128
    24 30.92200 73.25900 70 10 38 2 33 49 KQ 2 332 1.08 4.62 87
    25 30.75381 73.76415 72 67 29 7 4 51 49 HK 5 126 1.01 2.51 108
    26 30.82200 73.29800 70 82 52 5 59 43 K 7 424 1.01 1.62 108
    27 30.53100 73.74684 55 24 16 6 20 Q 810 1.12 9.94 26
    28 30.41010 73.75495 13 79 13 19 3 8 157 KH 2 712 1.03 10.41 168
    29 30.67700 74.04300 8 23 80 5 57 K 1 351 1.04 3.1 85
    30 30.62500 73.60600 9 65 11 9 76 K 5 021 1.09 2.17 85
    31 30.66464 73.46537 12 89 13 19 3 11 33 KH 1 444 1.02 2.91 47
    32 30.35500 73.67000 12 84 44 11 6 55 23 HK 5 704 1.06 1.68 84
    33 30.45100 73.64100 47 9 6 8 54 Q 862 1.62 6.17 92
    34 30.69400 73.97600 6 89 5 81 1 8.7 58 KH 1 070 1.09 9.86 67.7
    35 30.44335 73.71715 14 81 24 12 22 K 1 950 1.03 1.13 34
    36 30.38452 73.85146 30 81 8 25 3 12 109 KH 1 934 1.23 9.1 124
    37 30.54589 73.52160 20 36 82 138 1 18 36 AK 3 620 1.32 0.99 55
    38 30.47500 73.91500 59 49 15 11 36 Q 2 413 1.16 0.92 57
    39 30.58921 73.83889 10 11 29 1 10 A 120 1.13 10.01 11
    40 30.53500 73.62700 37 52 26 12 2 13 103 KH 3 428 1.58 4.27 118
    41 30.60987 73.94022 41 19 30 5.5 56 H 1 290 1.38 9.9 66.5
    42 30.79400 73.89500 47 64 27 82 1 23 78 KQ 4 171 1.32 1.01 102
    43 30.48000 73.65500 47 32 29 3 39 Q 1 389 1.08 1.28 42
    44 30.81416 73.82225 22 103 28 87 2 9 90 KH 3 491 1.00 3.39 101
    45 30.73300 73.81500 22 127 5 3 46 Q 5 908 1.00 0.5 54
    46 30.54270 74.06452 35 108 14 2 48 Q 5 254 1.04 0.5 60
    47 30.68400 73.87300 17 35 78 13 2 10 37 AK 3 270 1.02 0.88 49
    48 30.53541 73.93927 472 271 281 3 24 H 7 920 1.15 0.09 27
    49 30.57300 73.71000 10 40 7 2 35 K 1 420 1.00 1.08 37
    50 30.57183 73.97724 7 36 23 5 28 K 1 043 1.05 1.49 33
    51 30.65709 73.70189 44 147 247 36 1 20 28 AK 9 900 1.10 0.27 49
    52 30.73135 73.69253 45 16 7 6 70 Q 1 390 1.02 4.51 96
    53 30.36300 73.63600 39 52 24 6 42 K 2 418 1.09 0.96 48
    54 30.63550 73.78595 28 68 24 5 21 K 1 568 1.14 0.49 26
    55 30.50100 73.85200 27 71 4 14 59 K 4 567 1.02 1.35 93
    56 30.41499 73.80934 14 45 26 119 8 23 99 KQ 3 721 1.06 4.89 130
    57 30.93588 73.66342 15 9 13 4.5 68 H 680 1.20 7.86 92.5
    58 30.76601 73.53270 17 11 28 4 62 H 750 1.06 5.87 66
    59 30.85560 73.77983 15 8 14 7 38 H 409 1.03 5.22 45
    60 30.87400 73.68900 68 65 4 6 39 Q 2 943 1.00 0.69 48
    61 30.79870 73.59703 53 90 5 9 12 K 1 557 1.06 0.30 21
    62 30.76900 73.63600 40 106 8 10 1 10 37 KH 1 396 1.06 4.74 48
    63 30.90210 73.76359 59 99 4 5 28 A 3 067 1.04 0.37 33
    64 30.70100 73.58000 45 63 3 3 31 K 2 088 1.01 0.56 34
    65 30.84065 73.61586 65 65 15 2 29 Q 2 015 1.01 0.48 31
    66 30.80100 73.68000 5 3 7 3 18 H 569 1.03 6.6 21
    67 30.88200 73.63600 48 34 22 4 41 K 1 586 1.00 1.29 45
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Classification of aquifer protective capacity w.r.t. to SL values as reported by (Oladapo and Akintorinwa, 2007)

    Sr. No. Longitudinal conductance (SL) (Siemens) Aquifer protective capacity
    1 > 10 Excellent
    2 5~10 Very good
    3 0.7~4.9 Good
    4 0.2~0.69 Moderate
    5 0.1~0.19 Weak
    6 < 0.1 Poor
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-13
  • 录用日期:  2020-09-21
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