• ISSN 2305-7068
  • Indexed by ESCI CABI CAS
  • DOAJ Scopus GeoRef AJ CNKI
Advanced Search
Volume 4 Issue 4
Dec.  2016
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
YU Kai-ning, LI Jian, LI Hui, et al. 2016: Statistical characteristics of heavy metals content in groundwater and their interrelationships in a certain antimony mine area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(4): 284-292.
Citation: YU Kai-ning, LI Jian, LI Hui, et al. 2016: Statistical characteristics of heavy metals content in groundwater and their interrelationships in a certain antimony mine area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(4): 284-292.

Statistical characteristics of heavy metals content in groundwater and their interrelationships in a certain antimony mine area

  • Publish Date: 2016-12-28
  • In recent years, most of domestic and foreign researches about heavy metal pollutions of metal mine mainly focus on water, soil and plants on the surface. There is lack of researches about heavy metal pollution in groundwater of metal mine. In this research, a certain antimony mine area is selected as a typical study area. Also, the study about statistical characteristics of heavy metals in groundwater has been carried out. Furthermore, the interrelationships have been preliminarily discussed through related analysis, such as relevant analysis, cluster analysis and principle component analysis. The results show that: the excessive elements in groundwater of study area are Sb, As, Pb, Se, and Ni. The average mass concentration of Sb, As, and Pb is higher than that of drinking water standards (GB5749-2006). The concentration of most heavy metals in dry season is lower than or equal to that in wet season for groundwater. Zn is the only metal in groundwater showing a different pattern, the concentration of which in dry season is higher than that in wet season. Under the impacts of stratum leaching and absorption effect, the concentration of heavy metals (except Pb and Ba) in groundwater are lower than or equal to that in surface water. As and Se, the two heavy metals have a significant positive correlation, which shows the two elements might have gone through similar environmental geochemical effect. Also, the connection among Zn, Hg, Pb, and Mn is not obvious; therefore, the sources of those elements are quite different. In addition, the elements of Se and As have obvious positive interrelationship with elements of CO32- and F-. Also, the Pb has significant positive correlation with PO43-, H2SiO3 and oxygen consumption. The results of cluster analysis show that 9 different heavy metals in the study area can be divided into 3 categories: Zn, Cd, Mn, Hg, Cu, and Cr belong to the first category, Se and As belong to the second one, and the last category is Pb. Also, the principle component analysis divides 6 heavy metals (Zn, As, Hg, Pb, Mn, and Se) into 4 different principle components, which can be utilized to assess heavy metals pollution situations in groundwater. The reliability of this method is higher than 91%. Moreover, the research provides theory basis and models for establishing evaluation index system and exploring the evaluation method of heavy mental pollution in groundwater.
  • 加载中
  • LI Tao, YANG Jun-cang. 2008. Characteristics of the migration of heave metals in shallow underground water in an arid inland basin-A case study in Changning Basin of the Shiyang River Watershed. Journal of Glaciology & Geocryology, 30(1): 52-56 .
    WU Dun-ao. 1993. The content distribution characteristics of heavy metal elements of a shallow groundwater and its genesis study. Site Investigation Science and Technology, (5): 27-32 .
    LIAO Guo-li, WU Chao. 2005. The pollution characteristic of Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu and As in different mining area. Environment Science, 26(3): 157-161 .
    SHE Wei, JIE YU-cheng, et al. 2010. Uptake and accumulation of heavy metal by ramie (boehmeria nivea) growing on antimony mining area in Lengshuijiang City of Hunan Province. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 29(1): 91-96 .
    XU You-ning, ZHANG Jiang-hua, et al. 2009. Water and soil contamination and environmental effect in a certain gold area in Xiaoqinling. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 36(4): 131-134 .
    XIE Wen-yan, FAN Gui-sheng, et al. 2011. Access of heavy metals pollution of the sewage irrigation region in Taiyuan, China. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 30(8): 1553-1560 .
    ZHA Xue-fang. 2006. The Study of karst groundwater hydrochemistry characterstics and heavy metal distribution. Guiyang: Guizhou University .
    ZHANG Bo, ZHENG Qing-song, et al. 2011. Pollution assessments on heavy metals in sediment in intertidal aqua-farm area based on GIS and geostatistics. Marine Environ-mental Science, 30(3): 376-379 .
    WU Chao, LIAO Guo-li. 2006. Heavy metal pollution assessment in non-ferrous metal mines. Mining Technology, 6(3): 360-363 .
    HE Xiao-wen, XU Guang-quan, WANG Wei- ning. 2011. Research on accumulation characteristic of shallow groundwater metal element. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 5(2): 322- 326 .
    HUANG Guan-xing, SUN Ji-chao, et al. 2011. Content and relationship of heavy metals in groundwater of sewage irrigation area in Pearl River Delta. Journal of Jilin University (Geological Science Edition), 41(1): 228-234 .
    LEI Ming, ZENG Min, et al. 2008. Heavy metals pollution and potential ecological risk in paddy soils around mine areas and smelting areas in Hunan Province. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 28(6): 1212- 1220 .
    TONG Fang-ping, XU Yan-ping, et al. 2008. Appraisal for environmental quality of forestry soil polluted by heavy metals in antimony mine of Leng-Shuijiang City. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 24(12):179-183 .
    LIU Hui, ZHANG Zhao, LI We. 2011. Assessment and spatial patterns of trace elements and heavy metals from water body and sediments in the Liangzi Lake. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 20(Z1): 105-111 .
    ZHANG Jin-de, ZHANG Zuo-chen, et al. 2009. Survey on mine area geological environment. Beijing: Geology Publishing House .
  • Relative Articles

    [1] Vinay Kumar Gautam, Mahesh Kothari, P.K. Singh, S.R. Bhakar, K.K. Yadav, 2022: Analysis of groundwater level trend in Jakham River Basin of Southern Rajasthan, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 1-9.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.01.001
    [2] KHELFAOUI Hakim, DAJBRI Larbi, LAKHAL Fatima Zohra, CHAFFAI Hicham, HANI Azzedine, SAYAD Lamine, 2020: Determination of the origin of mineralization and groundwater salinity in the Adrar region in the southwest of Algeria, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 158-171.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.02.007
    [3] Mehdi Bahrami, Elmira Khaksar, Elahe Khaksar, 2020: Spatial variation assessment of groundwater quality using multivariate statistical analysis(Case Study: Fasa Plain, Iran), Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 230-243.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.03.004
    [4] Abdelhakim LAHJOUJ, Abdellah EL HMAIDI, Karima BOUHAFA, 2020: Spatial and statistical assessment of nitrate contamination in groundwater: Case of Sais Basin, Morocco, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 143-157.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.02.006
    [5] ZHOU Nian-qing, LI Tian-shui, ZHAO Shan, ZHAO Shan, XIA Xue-min, 2019: Characteristics of the main inorganic nitrogen accumulation in surface water and groundwater of wetland succession zones, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 7, 173-181.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2019.02.008
    [6] ZHANG Yu-qin, WANG Guang-wei, WANG Shi-qin, YUAN Rui-qiang, TANG Chang-yuan, SONG Xian-fang, 2018: Hydrochemical characteristics and geochemistry evolution of groundwater in the plain area of the Lake Baiyangdian watershed, North China Plain, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 6, 220-233.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.03.007
    [7] LI Bo, LI Xue-mei, 2018: Characteristics of karst groundwater system in the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 6, 261-269.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.04.002
    [8] LI Xiao-hang, WANG Rui, LI Jian-feng, 2018: Study on hydrochemical characteristics and formation mechanism of shallow groundwater in eastern Songnen Plain, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 6, 161-170.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.03.001
    [9] Eunhee Lee, Kyoochul Ha, Nguyen Thi Minh Ngoc, Adichat Surinkum, Ramasamy Jayakumar, Yongje Kim, Kamaludin Bin Hassan, 2017: Groundwater status and associated issues in the Mekong-Lancang River Basin: International collaborations to achieve sustainable groundwater resources, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 1-13.
    [10] Pezhman ROUDGARMI, Ebrahim FARAHANI, 2017: Investigation of groundwater quantitative change, Tehran Province, Iran, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 278-285.
    [11] Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 53-58.
    [12] BAI Bing, CHENG Yan-pei, JIANG Zhong-cheng, ZHANG Cheng, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 44-52.
    [13] Chamroeun SOK, Sokuntheara CHOUP, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Cambodia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 31-43.
    [14] JIANG Ti-sheng, QU Ci-xiao, WANG Ming-yu, SUN Yan-wei, HU Bo, CHU Jun-yao, 2017: Analysis on temporal and spatial variations of groundwater hydrochemical characteristics in the past decade in southern plain of Beijing, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 235-248.
    [15] LIN Dan, JIN Meng-gui, LI Xiu-juan, 2017: Risk assessment of heavy metals in topsoil along the banks of theYangtze River in Huangshi, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 162-172.
    [16] LIU Chun-yan, SUN Ji-chao, JING Ji-hong, ZHANG Ying, GUO Wei-xuan, 2016: Distribution characteristics and source of BTEX in groundwater in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4, 238-246.
    [17] ZHANG Chun-chao, WANG Wen-Ke, SUN Yi-bo, LI Xiang-quan,HOU Xin-wei, 2015: Processes of hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in the Guanzhong Basin, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 136-146.
    [18] MA Shao-bing, ZHOU Jun, LIANG Peng, SU Yao-ming, 2014: Characteristics-based classification research on typical petroleum contaminants of groundwater, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 41-47.
    [19] Jingli Shao, Yali Cui, Yunzhang Zhao, 2013: A Study on Infiltration and Groundwater Development in the Influent Zone of the Perched Lower Yellow River, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 46-53.
    [20] Jiansheng Shi, Hongtao Liu, Zhiyuan Liu, Tieliu Chen, 2013: Application of the “Accurate Control Groundwater Resources” Theory in Containment of Groundwater Resource Exhaustion Trend, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 1-10.
  • 加载中


    Article Metrics

    Article views (647) PDF downloads(1098) Cited by()
    Proportional views

    JGSE-ScholarOne Manuscript Launched on June 1, 2024.

    Online Submission


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint