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Physico-chemical, bacteriological and health hazard effect analysis of the water in Taladanda Canal, Paradip area, Odisha, India

Rabiranjan Prusty Trinath Biswal

Rabiranjan Prusty, Trinath Biswal. 2020: Physico-chemical, bacteriological and health hazard effect analysis of the water in Taladanda Canal, Paradip area, Odisha, India. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 338-348. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.004
Citation: Rabiranjan Prusty, Trinath Biswal. 2020: Physico-chemical, bacteriological and health hazard effect analysis of the water in Taladanda Canal, Paradip area, Odisha, India. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 338-348. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.004

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.004

Physico-chemical, bacteriological and health hazard effect analysis of the water in Taladanda Canal, Paradip area, Odisha, India

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  • Figure  1.  Location map of the study area

    Figure  2.  Statistical graph of the number of people infected by various diseases

    Data 1: The disease diarrhea; data 2: The giardia and cryptosporidium; data 3: Dysentery; data 4: Salmonella; data 5: Escherichia; data 6: Typhoid fever; data 7: Cholera; data 8: The hepatitis A; data 9: Campylobacter.

    Figure  3.  Kind of diseases vs number of people affected in 2016, in which the most people affected by typhoid and the least people affected in escherichia coli, comparing with other water-borne diseases

    Figure  4.  Kind of diseases vs number of people affected in 2017, in which the most people affected by typhoid fever and least people by giardia and cryptosporidium

    Figure  5.  Kind of diseases vs number of people affected in 2018 when the most people affected by typhoid disease and the least by escherichia coli

    Table  1.   The disease that transmitted through the drinking water

    Disease Bacterial agent
    Cholera Vibrio cholera
    Vibrios caused by gastroenteritis Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    Typhoid fever Salmonella typhi
    Bacillary dysentery or shigellosis Shigelladysenteriae, shigellaflexneri, shigellaboydii, shigellasonnei
    Gastroenteritis and acute diarrheas Escherichia coli, particularly serotype
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Water parameters, source of occurrence and effect

    Parameters Occurrence Effect
    Turbidity Soil runoff Cause of pathogens
    Colour Dissolved colloidal form of materials
    Odour Degradation by bacterial community Disagreeable odour
    Electrical Conductivity Presence of dissolved solid in water in ionic form If the concentration of ionisable ions is high the conductivity will be more and the property of corrosion increases
    pH Because of different gas and solid mate-rials Cause of bitterness and corrosion of the materials
    DO Because of oxygen present in the dis-solved state in water Most corrosive gas in the environment and cause of corrosion in water and oil pipe lines, boilers, machinery parts, automobile parts
    TH Presence of chloride, sulphates and bicar-bonates of Ca and Mg salts. Mostly found in some mineral present in water Cause of decrease in foam producing capacity with soap solution
    TA (Total Alkalinity) Because of the presence of the different alkaline gases in dissolved state Cause of embrittlement in bottom part of boiler steel
    TDS Because of the dissolved fine particles of solid materials and salts Cause of Gastro-intestinal diseases, eye irritation and corrosion of some metals
    Calcium (Ca) Found from soap and anions of some dissolved salts. Influencing in the dying process of textile indus-tries
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Bacteriological analysis of drinking water samples in the Paradip City

    Water samples collected at different areas of Paradip City MPN test in April-2018 MPN test in July-2018 MPN test in December-2018
    TC Bacteria/100 mL FC Bacteria/100 mL TC Bacteria/100 mL FC Bacteria/100 mL TC Bacteria/100 mL FC Bacteria/100 mL
    S1 38.2 10.1 25.3 9.2 45.2 10.2
    S2 44.4 12.4 29.3 8.8 39.1 11.2
    S3 42.5 11.3 31.4 8.5 35.4 10.5
    S4 42.2 10.5 30.4 8.7 36.2 12.1
    S5 45.9 11.2 30.5 9.9 37.5 11.3
    S6 45.6 11.5 31.1 9.2 44.1 10.2
    S7 30.2 11.2 32.1 9.6 36.1 10.5
    S8 48.5 10.6 26.4 9.1 41.2 11.5
    S9 32.4 10.7 29.5 8.2 40.2 8.4
    S10 32.2 10.5 25.6 8.1 41.6 7.9
    S11 32.2 10.4 26.5 8.5 40.5 6.4
    S12 40.3 11.2 26.4 7.9 45.6 10.4
    S13 35.5 10.4 26.3 7.5 46.2 6.5
    S14 34.2 11.4 28.9 9.5 46.2 7.6
    S15 52.4 12.8 26.6 10.5 52.9 13.1
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  4.   Analysis of physico-chemical parameters in April, 2018

    Parameters Water samples collected in Paradip City during first series
    L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8 L9 L10 L11 L12 L13 L14 L15
    Temperature (℃) 20 19 18 19 19 20 19 19 19 18 18 20 19 21 18
    Colour CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL
    Odour OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL
    pH 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.4
    EC (µs/cm) 311 318 312 311 314 311 315 314 316 319 317 318 314 316 317
    TDS (ppm) 751.2 754.2 759.4 752.6 758.6 745.2 746.2 749.2 746.5 742.3 750.1 760.4 764.4 741.2 740.5
    TSS (mg/L) 375.1 378.4 382.1 384.1 389.1 377.4 378.2 389.1 389.4 398.4 385.4 387.8 398.4 388.4 385.4
    TH (ppm) 48 38 47 49 31 37 37 31 52 53 46 43 54 47 59
    Ca (mg/L) 32 40 44 48 32 44 40 27 44 40 40 55 44 48 44
    Mg (mg/L) 24 27 30 30 28 35 41 26 17 15 17 30 37 40 27
    Cl (mg/L) 46 34 40 29 32 31 30 37 35 38 31 40 41 31 37
    DO (mg/L) 4.9 4.5 4.7 5.9 5.01 4.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.4 5.1 5.1
    NO2- (mg/L) 28 29 28 25 36 35 41 28 36 3.9 29 32 38 27 31
    NO3- (mg/L) 30 50 30 20 30 30 45 58 35 50 50 40 20 20 48
    SO42- (mg/L) 25 24 32 24 35 24 25 29 27 26 24 28 24 26 26
    Alkalinity 100 150 200 150 150 100 150 150 120 120 100 100 120 100 100
    Mn (mg/L) 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.4
    Zn (mg/L) 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1
    Al (mg/L) 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.01 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.1
    F (mg/L) 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.5 2.4 1.7 1.5 1.9 0.2 0.2 1.8 0.6 1.5 1.2
    Fe (mg/L) 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.5 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.4
    Cu (mg/L) 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.3 1
    Cr (mg/L) 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
    Hg (mg/L) 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  5.   Analysis of physico-chemical parameters in July, 2018

    Parameters Water samples collected in Paradip City during second series
    L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8 L9 L10 L11 L12 L13 L14 L15
    Temperature (℃) 21 18 21 20 17 22 18 21 22 19 19 20 19 17 21
    Colour CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL
    Odour OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL
    pH 6.4 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.6 5.2 4.8 4.5 5.1 4.6 5.1 5.3
    EC (µs/cm) 299 306 305 300 301 302 304 307 304 304 302 304 303 299 300
    TDS (ppm) 850.1 863.5 846.2 851.3 831.2 825.1 851.2 831.4 862.1 843.2 856.4 854.5 859.4 863.1 839.1
    TSS (mg/L) 423.2 452.3 421.6 413.2 411.2 429.5 427.4 425.2 427.1 426.1 411.2 419.4 416.2 418.5 417.2
    TH (ppm) 27 26 31 28 26 21 27 29 24 24 25 23 21 24 28
    Ca (mg/L) 36 44 32.6 52 38 55 40 32 28 32 35 32 28.5 36 30
    Mg (mg/L) 30.1 35 30.1 26 40 25 27 32 33 19 30 27 34 28 25
    Cl (mg/L) 19 31 24 21 20 25 26 21 19 23 24 25 26 21 19
    DO (mg/L) 5.1 5.2 5 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.2
    NO2- (mg/L) 35 32 30 26 35 52 42 37 27 25 50 35 42 42 40
    NO3- (mg/L) 24 26 25 30 45 48 41 46 48 43 35 38 35 31 34
    SO42- (mg/L) 25 19 32 18 35 21 25 18 27 26 24 15 19 21 26
    Alkalinity 150 120 120 100 100 120 100 100 100 150 200 150 150 100 130
    Mn (mg/L) 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.4
    Zn (mg/L) 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1
    Al (mg/L) 0.6 2.3 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.1 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 1 1.2
    F (mg/L) 1 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1
    Fe (mg/L) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
    Cu (mg/L) 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.3 1.0
    Cr (mg/L) 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
    Hg (mg/L) 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  6.   Analysis of physicochemical parameters in December, 2018

    Parameters Water samples collected in Paradip City during third series
    L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8 L9 L10 L11 L12 L13 L14 L15
    Temperature (℃) 20 19 18 19 19 20 19 19 19 18 18 20 19 21 18
    Colour CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL CL
    Odour OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL OL
    PH 4.5 4.6 4.2 5.2 4.8 4.9 5.3 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.3 4.9 6.2 5.9 5.4
    EC (µs/cm) 301 305 303 302 305 306 312 311 310 314 315 311 309 308 314
    TDS (ppm) 700.4 709.1 720.6 700.1 710.6 708.4 709.5 707.7 709.2 712.5 720.4 711.6 713.4 711.5 718.6
    TSS (mg/L) 351.6 345.6 340.2 346.4 351.5 360.4 342.6 349.2 339.5 347.6 346.7 340.8 353.4 351.4 350.4
    TH (ppm) 26 24 31 29 26 21 27 29 24 24 25 23 26 24 28
    Ca (mg/L) 32 40 44 48 32 44 40 27 44 40 40 55 44 48 44
    Mg (mg/L) 24 27 30 30 28 35 41 26 17 15 17 30 37 40 27
    Cl (mg/L) 106 78 99 106 72 78 90 106 90 78 78 90 108 150 110
    DO (mg/L) 5.8 5.9 5.8 4.5 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.2 5.8 5.7 5.3
    NO2- (mg/L) 30 50 30 20 30 30 45 58 35 50 50 40 20 20 48
    NO3- (mg/L) 120 120 120 100 120 100 120 80 80 100 115 90 90 120 110
    SO42- (mg/L) 100 150 200 150 150 100 150 150 120 120 100 100 120 100 100
    Alkalinity 100 100 150 200 150 150 100 130 150 120 120 100 100 120 100
    Mn (mg/L) 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.4
    Zn (mg/L) 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1
    Al (mg/L) 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.5 2.4 1.7 1.5 1.9 0.2 0.2 1.8 0.6 2.5 1.9
    F (mg/L) 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.5 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.4
    Fe (mg/L) 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.3 1
    Cu (mg/L) 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.3 1
    Cr (mg/L) 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
    Hg (mg/L) 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.07
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [13] DAI Wen-Bin, ZHANG Wei-Jun, COWEN Taha2015:  An analysis of River Derwent pollution and its impacts, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 39-44.
    [14] YANG Li-zhi, LIU Chun-hua2015:  Study on the characteristics and causes of carbon tetrachloride pollution of karst water in eastern suburbs of Jinan, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 331-341.
    [15] LIU Jun, CHENG Jian-mei, JIANG Fang-yuan2015:  Methodological study of coastal geological hazard assessment based on GIS, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 77-85.
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    [18] Aizhong Ding, Lirong Cheng, Steve Thornton, Wei Huang, David Lerner2013:  Groundwater quality Management in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 54-59.
    [19] B.T. Hiller, N. Jadamba2013:  Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 11-32.
    [20] Song Bo, Liu Changli, Zhang Yun, Hou Hongbing, Pei Lixin, Yang Liu2013:  Urban Waste Disposal and Its Impact on Groundwater Pollution in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 88-95.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-15
  • 录用日期:  2020-10-10
  • 刊出日期:  2020-12-01

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