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Groundwater vulnerability assessment using a GIS-based DRASTIC method in the Erbil Dumpsite area (Kani Qirzhala), Central Erbil Basin, North Iraq

Masoud H Hamed Rebwar N Dara Marios C Kirlas

Hamed Masoud H, Dara Rebwar N, Kirlas Marios C. 2024. Groundwater vulnerability assessment using a GIS-based DRASTIC method in the Erbil Dumpsite area (Kani Qirzhala), Central Erbil Basin, North Iraq. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 12(1): 16-33 doi:  10.26599/JGSE.2024.9280003
Citation: Hamed Masoud H, Dara Rebwar N, Kirlas Marios C. 2024. Groundwater vulnerability assessment using a GIS-based DRASTIC method in the Erbil Dumpsite area (Kani Qirzhala), Central Erbil Basin, North Iraq. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 12(1): 16-33 doi:  10.26599/JGSE.2024.9280003

doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2024.9280003

Groundwater vulnerability assessment using a GIS-based DRASTIC method in the Erbil Dumpsite area (Kani Qirzhala), Central Erbil Basin, North Iraq

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  • Figure  1.  Location and DEM map of the study area and the dumpsite

    Figure  2.  Depth to water map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  3.  Recharge map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  4.  Aquifer media map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  5.  Soil media map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  6.  Topography map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  7.  Impact of the vadose zone map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  8.  Hydraulic conductivity map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  9.  DRASTIC vulnerability map of Kani Qirzhala aquifer

    Figure  10.  Nitrate concentration distribution

    Figure  11.  Correlation of DRASTIC index with NO3 values

    Table  1.   Weight, ranges and ratings of DRASTIC parameters (Aller et al. 1987)

    DRASTIC parameterRange/typeRatingStandard weight
    D: Depth to water (m) 35–50 7 5
    50–60 6
    60–70 5
    70–80 4
    80–90 3
    90–100 2
    >100 1
    R: Net recharge (mm/a) 0–50 1 4
    50–100 3
    100–175 6
    175–246 8
    A: Aquifer media Clay 3 3
    Silty clay 4
    Silty sand 6
    Sand 7
    Sandy gravel 8
    S: Soil media Clay 2 2
    Clay loam 3
    Sandy loam 6
    Silty sand 7
    Fine sand 8
    T: Topography (%) 0–2 10 1
    2–6 9
    6–12 5
    12–18 3
    >18 1
    I: Impact of vadose zone Clay 2 5
    Silty clay 3
    Clay loam 4
    Silty sand 6
    Sand 7
    Sandy gravel 8
    C: Hydraulic conductivity (m/d) 0.04074–4.074 1 3
    4.074–12.222 2
    12.222–28.518 4
    28.518–40.74 6
    40.74–81.48 8
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Drastic index classes and spatial distribution

    Vulnerability
    class
    DRASTIC IndexArea (km2)Area (%)
    Very low53–8317.1116.97
    Low83–10127.9227.67
    Moderate101–12036.8736.55
    High120–15018.9718.81
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Statistics of single-parameter sensitivity analysis for DRASTIC

    ParameterTheoretical weightTheoretical weight (%)Effective weight (%)
    MeanMinMaxSD
    D521.7417.234.8533.985.83
    R417.398.743.8831.075.44
    A313.0419.318.7423.302.91
    S28.7011.903.8815.532.33
    T14.357.510.979.711.75
    I521.7429.769.7138.835.83
    C313.045.562.9123.304.08
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [16] DAI Wen-Bin, ZHANG Wei-Jun, COWEN Taha2015:  An analysis of River Derwent pollution and its impacts, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 39-44.
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    [20] Song Bo, Liu Changli, Zhang Yun, Hou Hongbing, Pei Lixin, Yang Liu2013:  Urban Waste Disposal and Its Impact on Groundwater Pollution in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 88-95.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-09
  • 录用日期:  2023-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-15
  • 刊出日期:  2024-03-15

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