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Volume 6 Issue 4
Dec.  2018
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LI Bo, LI Xue-mei. 2018: Characteristics of karst groundwater system in the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 6(4): 261-269. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.04.002
Citation: LI Bo, LI Xue-mei. 2018: Characteristics of karst groundwater system in the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 6(4): 261-269. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.04.002

Characteristics of karst groundwater system in the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2018.04.002
  • Publish Date: 2018-12-28
  • Guided by the theory of groundwater system, based on the groundwater level data from the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area, the authors took into account factors such as the lithology, geological structure and topography to study the relationship between groundwater recharge, runoff and drainage in this area. It was concluded that the infiltration of atmospheric precipitation is the main source of groundwater supply in this area; the upper layer of the Spring area is distributed with the Cambrian-Lower Ordovician karst water, and the lower layer is filled with the Jixian system karst water. The upper layer of karst water supplies to the lower layer of karst water or the pore water in loose strata through the fault while the lower layer of karst water runs to the three strong runoff belts from the east and west sides of the watershed, southwards into the basin, partially replenishing the pore water in loose strata, or forming fault Springs (e.g. Nanguan Spring, Beihai Spring) when dolomite movement encounters faults. Replenished by atmospheric precipitation and the upper and lower layers of karst waters, the pore water in loose strata joins the groundwater in the southern basin and then flows eastwards, in the end it flows out of the system in Shangfanpu. Through the analyses of groundwater level data and hydrogeological drilling data, based on groundwater D and 18O isotope test results, the karst groundwater circulation system in the northern basin of Laiyuan Spring area is further verified, which provides hydrogeological basis for water resources development and utilization as well as protection in this area.
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