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Volume 8 Issue 2
Jun.  2020
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KHELFAOUI Hakim, DAJBRI Larbi, LAKHAL Fatima Zohra, et al. 2020: Determination of the origin of mineralization and groundwater salinity in the Adrar region in the southwest of Algeria. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(2): 158-171. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.02.007
Citation: KHELFAOUI Hakim, DAJBRI Larbi, LAKHAL Fatima Zohra, et al. 2020: Determination of the origin of mineralization and groundwater salinity in the Adrar region in the southwest of Algeria. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(2): 158-171. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.02.007

Determination of the origin of mineralization and groundwater salinity in the Adrar region in the southwest of Algeria

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.02.007
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KHELFAOUI Hakim

  • To some extent, the sedimentary sequence with the largest groundwater reserves in northern Sahara is marked by a certain water table level, regionally known as the “Continental Intercalaire” (CI). “Continental Intercalaire” (CI) refers to “Continental Intercalar” widely distributed among three countries. Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, which have significant potential of water resources. As it is the only water resource relatively easily accessible to the inhabitants of the Sahara, it is widely developed. The physico-chemical characteristics of statistical processing in principal component analysis (PCA) and the chemical phase measurement of groundwater in the unconfined aquifer captured by “Foggaras” (traditional system irrigation composed of well system linked by a horizontal channel from their bases) and the deep drillings located in the study area were accessible. Therefore, there were some favorable conditions for comparing the chemistry of these waters with the standards of potability established by the World Health Organization. Then, the study detected the origin of excessive mineralization and the excessive content of Na, Cl, K, Mg and Ca that originated from the leaching of the clay and carbonate layers of the “Continental Intercalaire”. In addition, the enrichment in NO2-, NO3- and SO42- was due to the excessive use of fertilizer in the whole region for shallower Foggaras waters, and this study also showed the dominant chemical facies of groundwater related to the significant abundance of these mineral salts in this thick aquifer horizon.
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