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Volume 8 Issue 4
Dec.  2020
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Mehmood Qaisar, Arshad Muhammad, Rizwan Muhammad, et al. 2020: Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 366-380. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007
Citation: Mehmood Qaisar, Arshad Muhammad, Rizwan Muhammad, et al. 2020: Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8(4): 366-380. doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007

Integration of geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches for delineation of groundwater potential zones in alluvial aquifer

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.04.007
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  • Corresponding author: Muhammad Rizwan, E-mail: rizwan514@lzb.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-07-13
  • Accepted Date: 2020-09-21
  • Publish Date: 2020-12-28
  • Geoelectric and hydrochemical approaches are employed to delineate the ground-water potential zones in District Okara, a part of Bari Doab, Punjab, Pakistan. Sixty-seven VES surveys are conducted with the Electrical Resistivity Meter. The resultant resistivity verses depth model for each site is estimated using computer-based software IX1D. Aquifer thickness maps and interpreted resistivity maps were generated from interpreted VES results. Dar-Zarrouk parameters, transverse resistance (TR), longitudinal conductance (SL) and anisotropy (λ) were also calculated from resistivity data to delineate the potential zones of aquifer. 70% of SL value is ≤3S, 30% of SL value is > 3S. According to SL and TR values, the whole area is divided into three potential zones, high, medium and low potential zones. The spatial distribution maps show that north, south and central parts of study area are marked as good potential aquifer zones. Longitudinal conductance values are further utilized to determine aquifer protective capacity of area. The whole area is characterized by moderate to good and up to some extent very good aquifer protective area on the basis of SL values. The groundwater samples from sixty-seven installed tube wells are collected for hydro-chemical analysis. The electrical conductivity values are determined. Correlation is then developed between the EC (μS/cm) of groundwater samples vs. interpreted aquifer resistivity showing R2 value 0.90.
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