• ISSN 2305-7068
  • Indexed by ESCI CABI CAS
  • DOAJ Scopus GeoRef AJ CNKI
Advanced Search
Volume 10 Issue 3
Sep.  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Qiao G, Yu FD, Wang WK, et al. 2022. Thermodynamic transport mechanism of water freezing-thawing in the vadose zone in the alpine meadow of the Tibet Plateau. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10(3): 302-310 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.03.008
Citation: Qiao G, Yu FD, Wang WK, et al. 2022. Thermodynamic transport mechanism of water freezing-thawing in the vadose zone in the alpine meadow of the Tibet Plateau. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10(3): 302-310 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.03.008

Thermodynamic transport mechanism of water freezing-thawing in the vadose zone in the alpine meadow of the Tibet Plateau

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.03.008
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: 49844534@qq.com
  • Received Date: 2021-11-18
  • Accepted Date: 2022-07-22
  • Publish Date: 2022-09-15
  • High altitude, cold and dry climate, strong solar radiation, and high evapotranspiration intensity have created an extremely fragile ecological and geological environment on the Tibet Plateau. Since the heat in the vadose zone is primarily generated by the external solar radiation energy, and evapotranspiration is contingent on the consumption of vadose heat, the intensity of evapotranspiration is associated with the intensity of solar radiation and the heat budget in the vadose zone. However, the spatial and temporal variation of heat budget and thermodynamic transfer process of the vadose zone in the frigid region are not clear, which hinders the revelation of the dynamic mechanism of evapotranspiration in the vadose zone in the frigid region. With the moisture content of the vadose zone in the alpine regions being the research object, the paper conducts in-situ geothermal observation tests, takes meteorological characteristics into consideration, and adopts the method of geothermal gradient and numerical computation to analyse the temporal and spatial variation rule of heat budget and thermodynamic transmission process of the vadose zone in the high and cold regions. The results show there is a positive correlation between air temperature, ground temperature, and water content of the vadose zone in both thawing and freezing periods. According to the change law of geothermal gradient, the thermodynamic transfer process of the vadose zone has four stages: slow exothermic heating, fast endothermic melting, slow endothermic cooling, and fast exothermic freezing. From the surface down, the moisture freezing rate of the vadose zone is slightly higher than the melting rate. This is of great significance for understanding the evapotranspiration dynamic process of the vadose zone and protecting and rebuilding the ecological and geological environment in the high and cold regions.
  • 加载中
  • Cao W, Shen SH, Duan CF. 2011. Quantitative analysis of the CAUSES of Evapotranspiration variation of Reference Crops during the Growing Season in Northwest China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 66(3): 407−415. (in Chinese)
    Chen Y, Ju Q, Bai MWD, et al. 2019. Evaluation of potential evapotranspiration estimation method based on small lysimeter experiments. Water and Power Energy Science, 37(2): 14−17. (in Chinese)
    Cheng H, Wang G, Hu H, et al. 2008. The variation of soil temperature and water content of seasonal frozen soil with different vegetation coverage in the head water region of the Yellow River, China. Environmental Geology, 54(8): 1755−1762. doi:  10.1007/s00254-007-0953-x
    Cui Y, Zhang LH, Wu ZF, et al. 2020. Simulation and analysis of evapotranspiration in Jiang River in western Hubei during 1999‒2016 based on BEPS-Terrainlab v2.0 model. Journal of Central China normal university (Nat. Sci. ), 54(1): 140−148. (in Chinese) doi:  10.19603/j.cnki.1000-1190.2020.01.021
    Dai LC, Cao YF, Ke X, et al. 2018. Response of reference evaportranspiration to meteorological factors in alpine meadows on the Tibet Plateau. Pratacultural Science, 35(9): 2137−2147. (in Chinese) doi:  10.11829/j.issn.1001-0629.2017-0614
    Dimitriadou S, Nikolakopoulos K. G. 2022. Artificial neural networks for the prediction of the reference evapotranspiration of the Peloponnese Peninsula, Greece. Water, 14: 2027. doi:  10.3390/w14132027
    Dinesh kumar vishwakarma, Kusum pandey, Arshdeep kaur, et al. 2022. Methods to estimate evapotranspiration in humid and subtropical climate conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 1 March.
    Dong SY, Xue X, Xu MH, et al. 2013. Effects of climate change on water environment in Tibetan Plateau. Arid Land Geography, 35(5): 841−853. (in Chinese)
    Gao GL, Feng Q, Liu XD. 2020. Simulation of Evapotranspiration in DESERT RIparian POPULus euphratica forest based on improved dual-source model. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 40(10): 3462−3472. (in Chinese) doi:  10.5846/stxb201902220323
    Ghiat I, Mackey H. R, Al-Ansari T. 2021. A review of evapotranspiration measurement models, techniques and methods for open and closed agricultural field applications. Water, 13: 2523. doi:  10.3390/w13182523
    Hao QC, Shao JL, Cui YL, et al. 2016. Development of a new method for efficiently calculating of evaporation from the phreatic aquifer in variably saturated flow modeling. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(1): 26−34.
    Huang D, Wang J, Khayatnezhad M. 2021. Estimation of actual evapotranspiration using soil moisture balance and remote sensing. Iran J Sci Technol Trans Civ Eng, 45: 2779−2786.
    Kadkhodazadeh M, Valikhan Anaraki M, Morshed-Bozorgdel A, et al. 2022. A new methodology for reference evapotranspiration prediction and uncertainty analysis under climate change conditions based on machine learning, multi criteria decision making and monte carlo methods. Sustainability, 14: 2601. doi:  10.3390/su14052601
    Li YS, Jia XH, Qi YJ, et al. 2019. Sensitivity of soil evapotranspiration to climate change in the permafrost area. Plateau Meteorology, 38(6): 1293−1299. (in Chinese) doi:  10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2019.00077
    Lu T, Zheng JH. 2018. Remote sensing inversion of Evapotranspiration and its spatial-temporal variation in Hutubi County. Water Saving Irrigation, (10): 91‒96. (in Chinese)
    Mau Rer G E, Bowling D R. 2014. Seasonal snowpack characteristics influence soil temperature and water content at multiple scales in interior western US mountain ecosystems. Water Resources Research, 50(6): 5216−5234. doi:  10.1002/2013WR014452
    Peng W, Gao YH. 2011. Simulation of energy and water cycles in the Thawing process of the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 33(2): 364−373. (in Chinese)
    Qiao CL, He XL, Yang G, et al. 2014. Remote sensing estimation of ET in Manas River Basin based on two-layer impedance model. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 28(9): 179−184. (in Chinese)
    Qiao G, Wang WK. 2014. Evaporation intensity of bare soil in northwest Arid inland Basin. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 04: 1327‒1332. (in Chinese).
    Taheri M, Mohammadian A, Ganji F, et al. 2022. Energy-based approaches in estimating actual evapotranspiration focusing on land surface temperature: A review of methods, concepts, and challenges. Energies, 15: 1264. doi:  10.3390/en15041264
    Wan L, Cao WB, Zhou X, et al. 2004. Experimental study on the effect of temperature change on water distribution in vadose zone. Hydrogeology Engineering Geology, (3): 25‒28. (in Chinese)
    Wang FQ, Wang RY, Sun MQ. 2018. Analysis on evapotranspiration characteristics of riverside wetland in cold regions based on eddy covariance. Journal of North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power (Natural Science Edition), 39(1): 57−62. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-5634.2018.01.009
    Wang GL, Zhang W, Liang JY, et al. 2017. Evaluation of geothermal resources potential in China. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 38(4): 449−459. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3975/cagsb.2017.04.02
    Wang H, Ma M, Wang X, et al. 2013. Seasonal variation of vegetation productivity over an alpine meadow in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China: Modeling the interactions of vegetation productivity, phenology, and the soil freeze-thaw process. Ecological Research, 28(2): 271−282. doi:  10.1007/s11284-012-1015-8
    Wang LH, He XB, Ding YJ. 2018. Characteristics and influencing factors of evapotranspiration in alpine meadow in central Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 39(6): 1−6. (in Chinese) doi:  10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0329
    Wang SQ, Song XF, Wei SC, et al. 2016. Application of HYDRUS-1D in understanding soil water movement at two typical sites in the North China Plain. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 14(1): 1−11.
    Wang WH, Wu TH, Li R, et al. 2017. An overview of advances on moisture migration of the active layer in permafrost regions of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Northwest Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 53(1): 102−111. (in Chinese) doi:  10.16783/j.cnki.nwnuz.2017.01.018
    Wang WK, Gong CC, Zhang ZY, et al. 2018. Research status and prospect of the subsurface hydrology and ecological effect in arid regions. Advances in Earth Science, 33(7): 702−718. (in Chinese) doi:  10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.07.0702
    Wang WK, Zhang ZY, Jim Yeh TC, et al. 2017. Flow dynamics in vadose zones with and without vegetation in an arid region. Advances in Water Resource, 106: 68−79. doi:  10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.03.011
    Xi D, Wang WK, Zhao M, et al. 2020. Analyses of the spatio-temporal heterogeneity of evapotranspiration in the piedmont of the Manas River Basin. Hydrogeology Engineering Geology, 47(2): 25−34. (in Chinese) doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.201910030
    Yang Y, Anderson M, Gao F, 2022. Improved daily evapotranspiration estimation using remotely sensed data in a data fusion system. Remote Sens, 14: 1772.
    Yang Y, Sun XY, Zhang L, et al. 2020. Estimation of terrestrial evapotranspiration of grassland in semi-arid region of the loess plateau by simulation-correction method. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 27(2): 178−192. (in Chinese) doi:  10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2020.02.026
    Zhao W, Lin YZ, Zhou PP, et al. 2021. Characteristics of groundwater in Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its response to climate change and human activities: A case study of Delingha, Qaidam Basin, China. Geology, 4: 377−388.
    Zhang G, Xia JX, Wang SD, et al. 2018. Remote-control simulation of daily evapotranspiration in Heihe River Basin by multi-sensor. Water Science and Technology of South-to-North Water Diversion Project, 16 (6): 33‒38. (in Chinese).
    Zhong HS, Xu XL, Zhang RF, et al. 2018. MODIS-driven estimation of regional evapotranspiration in Karst area of Southwest China based on the Penman-Monteith-Leuning algorithm. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 29(5): 1617−1625. (in Chinese) doi:  10.13287/j.1001-9332.201805.014
    Zhou T, Zhang YS, Gao HF, et al. 2015. Relationship between vegetation index and ground surface temperature on the Tibetan Plateau alpine grassland. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 37(1): 58−69. (in Chinese) doi:  10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0006
  • Relative Articles

    [1] Muhammad Irfan, Sri Safrina, Erry Koriyanti, Netty Kurniawati, Khairul Saleh, Iskhaq Iskandar, 2023: Effects of climate anomaly on rainfall, groundwater depth, and soil moisture on peatlands in South Sumatra, Indonesia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11, 81-88.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280008
    [2] Guo-Qiang Yu, Qian Wang, Li-Feng Zhu, Xia Zhang, 2023: Regulation of vegetation pattern on the hydrodynamic processes of erosion on hillslope in Loess Plateau, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11, 4-19.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280002
    [3] Yan-hao Wu, Nian-qing Zhou, Zi-jun Wu, Shuai-shuai Lu, Yi Cai, 2022: Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus coupling relationships and their influencing factors in the critical zone of Dongting Lake wetlands, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 250-266.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.03.004
    [4] Khan Tanzeel, Akhtar Malik Muhammad, Malghani Gohram, Akhtar Rabia, 2022: Comparative analysis of bacterial contamination in tap and groundwater: A case study on water quality of Quetta City, an arid zone in Pakistan, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 153-165.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.02.005
    [5] Chu Yu, Li-jie Wu, Yi-long Zhang, Xiu-ya Wang, Zhan-chuan Wang, Zhou Zhang, 2022: Effect of groundwater on the ecological water environment of typical inland lakes in the Inner Mongolian Plateau, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 353-366.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.04.004
    [6] Xiao-jiao Guo, Wen-zhong Wang, Cheng-xi Li, Wei Wang, Jian-sheng Shi, Ying Miao, Xing-bo Hao, Dao-xian Yuan, 2022: Temporal variations of reference evapotranspiration and controlling factors: Implications for climatic drought in karst areas, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 267-284.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.03.005
    [7] Liang Zhu, Ming-nan Yang, Jing-tao Liu, Yu-xi Zhang, Xi Chen, Bing Zhou, 2022: Evolution of the freeze-thaw cycles in the source region of the Yellow River under the influence of climate change and its hydrological effects, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 10, 322-334.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2022.04.002
    [8] Jhim Terrazas-Salvatierra, Galo Munoz-Vásquez, Ana Romero-Jaldin, 2020: Migration of total chromium and chloride anion in the Rocha River used for estimating degradation of agricultural soil quality at the Thiu Rancho zone, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 223-229.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.03.003
    [9] Yacob T Tesfaldet, Avirut Puttiwongrak, Tanwa Arpornthip, 2020: Spatial and temporal variation of groundwater recharge in shallow aquifer in the Thepkasattri of Phuket, Thailand, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 10-19.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.01.002
    [10] YANG Hai-jun, DONG Jian-xing, SUN Dong, HUANG Rui, 2019: Characteristics of shallow geothermal fields in major cities of Tibet Autonomous Region, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 7, 77-85.
    [11] LI Man, ZHANG Wei, HE Yu-jiang, WANG Gui-ling, 2017: Research on the effect of straw mulching on the soil moisture by field experiment in the piedmont plain of the Taihang Mountains, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 286-295.
    [12] ZHANG Wei, SHI Jian-sheng, XU Jian-ming, LIU Ji-chao, DONG Qiu-yao, FAN Shu-xian, 2016: Dynamic influence of Holocene characteristics on vadose water in typical region of central North China Plain, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4, 247-258.
    [13] WANG Shi-qin, SONG Xian-fang, WEI Shou-cai, SHAO Jing-li, 2016: Application of HYDRUS-1D in understanding soil water movement at two typical sites in the North China Plain, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4, 1-11.
    [14] ZHOU Li-ling, CHENG Zhe, DUAN Lei, WANG Wen-ke, 2015: Distribution of groundwater salinity and formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in an arid desert transition zone, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 268-279.
    [15] GONG Xiao-ping, JIANG Guang-hui, CHEN Chang-jie, GUO Xiao-jiao, ZHANG Hua-sheng, 2015: Specific yield of phreatic variation zone in karst aquifer with the method of water level analysis, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 192-201.
    [16] BAI Yu-chun, LI Yong-li, DONG Xue-liang, ZHAO Lei, 2014: Analysis and prevention measures for typical geological disasters formation and mechanisms within permafrost zone of Greater Khingan Range, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 85-93.
    [17] Kudryavtsev S A, Kazharskii A V, Goncharova E D, Berestianyi I B, 2014: Study of moisture migration in clay soils considering rate of freezing, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 35-40.
    [18] Lihe Yin, Hongyun Ma, Jiaqiu Dong, Xiaoyong Wang, Ying Li, 2013: Using a Particle Tracking Method to Quantify Groundwater Circulation rates: a Case Study in the Ordos Plateau, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 97-101.
    [19] Jingli Shao, Yali Cui, Yunzhang Zhao, 2013: A Study on Infiltration and Groundwater Development in the Influent Zone of the Perched Lower Yellow River, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 46-53.
    [20] Cui-ling Wang, Chang-li Liu, Ya-jie Pang, Li-xin Pei, Yun Zhang, 2013: Adsorption Behavior of Hexavalent Chromium in Vadose Zone, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 83-88.
  • 加载中



    Article Metrics

    Article views (188) PDF downloads(19) Cited by()
    Proportional views

    Welcome to Journal of Groundwater Science and  Engineering!

    Quick Submit

    Online Submission   E-mail Submission


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint