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Volume 3 Issue 1
Mar.  2015
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Article Contents
JIA Rui-liang, ZHOU Jin-long, LI Qiao, et al. 2015: Analysis of evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at a burial depth of 0 m in an arid area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3(1): 1-8.
Citation: JIA Rui-liang, ZHOU Jin-long, LI Qiao, et al. 2015: Analysis of evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at a burial depth of 0 m in an arid area. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3(1): 1-8.

Analysis of evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at a burial depth of 0 m in an arid area

  • Publish Date: 2015-03-28
  • High-salinity phreatic water refers to which with total dissolved solids (TDS)>30 g/L. Previous studies have shown that high salinity phreatic water evaporation is different at different depths. High salinity phreatic water evaporation under 0 m depth is the basis of the high salinity phreatic water evaporation studies. In this study, evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at a burial depth of 0 m in arid area was investigated. New insights were gained on evaporation mechanisms via experiments conducted on high-salinity phreatic water with TDS of 100 g/L at 0 m at the study site at Changji Groundwater Balance Experiment Site, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China, where the lithology of the vadose (unsaturated zone) was silty clay. Comparison was made on the data of high-salinity phreatic water evaporation, water surface evaporation (EΦ20) and meteorological data obtained in two complete hydrological years from April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2014. The experiments demon?strated that when the lithology of the vadose zone is silty clay, the burial depth is 0 m and the TDS is 100 g/L, intra-annual variation of phreatic water evaporation is the opposite to the variation of atmospheric evaporation EΦ20 and air temperature. The salt crust formed by the evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water has a strong inhibitory effect on phreatic water evaporation. Large volumes of precipitation can reduce such an inhibitory effect. During freezing periods, surface snow cover can promote the evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at 0 m; the thicker the snow cover, the more apparent this effect is.
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  • ZHOU Jin-long, et al. 2002. Experiment on the transforming relationship of atmospheric precipitation, irrigation water and soil water and groundwater water in plain area of Xinjiang. Urumqi: Xinjiang Sci-Tech and Public Health Press, 57-65.
    FU Qiu-ping, ZHANG Liang-hui, WANG Quan- jiu, et al. 2007. Impact of Eo value on calculation accuracy of phreatic evaporation empirical formulae. Arid Land Geography, 30(6):820-825.
    HU Shu-jun, SONG Yu-dong, TIAN Chang-yan, et al. 2005. Relationship between water surface evaporation and phreatic water evaporation when phreatic water buried depth is zero for different soil in Tarim River basin. Transactions of the Chinese Society Agri-cultural Engineering, 21(S1):80-83.
    ZHANG Jiang-guo, XU Xin-wen, LEI Jia-qiang, et al. 2010. Effects of salt crust on soil evaporation condition with saline-water drip- irrigation in extreme arid region. Transactions of the Chinese Society Agricultural Engineering, 26(9):34-39.
    ZHANG Jiang-guo, SUN Shu-guo, XU Xin-wen, et al. 2010. Chemical characteristics and its effect on soil evaporation of soil salt crusts in the Tarim desert highway shelterbelts. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 24(4):174-179.
    LI Xian-wen, ZHOU Jin-long,JIN Meng-gui, et al. 2012. Experiment on evaporation of high- TDS phreatic water in arid area. Journal of Water Resources & Water Engineering, 23(5): 6-10.
    LI Xian-wen, ZHOU Jin-long, JIN Meng-gui, et al. 2012. Soil-water characteristic curves of high-TDS and suitability of fitting models. Transactions of the Chinese Society Agri-cultural Engineering, 28(13): 135-141.
    Editorial Board of the Physical Geography of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1981. The physical geography of China- groundwater. Beijing: Science Press, 69, 72-75.
    LEI Zhi-dong, SHANG Song-hao, YANG Shi-xiu, et al. 1999. Simulation on phreatic eva-poration during soil freezing. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 30(6):6-10.
    WU Feng-chun, YANG Yu-ying. 1991. The dis-cussiones on the freezing-point depression. Journal of Inner Mongolia Teachers Uni?versity (Natural Science Edition), 8(3):55-58.
    JIA Rui-liang, ZHOU Jin-long, GAO Ye-xin, et al. 2015. Preliminary analysis on evaporation rules of high-salinity phreatic water in arid area. Advances in Water Science, 26(1):44-50.
    MA Hong, HU Ru-ji. 1995. Effects of snow cover on thermal regime of frozen soil. Arid Land Geography, 18(4):23-27.
    XING Xu-guang, SHI Wen-juan, WANG Quan-jiu. 2013. Discussion on E0 value in common groundwater evaporation empirical models. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 31(4):57-60.
    SHAO Ming-an, WANG Quan-jiu, HUANG Ming- fu. 2006. Soil physics. Beijing: Higher Edu-cation Press, 63-64.
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