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Volume 3 Issue 3
Sep.  2015
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ZHOU Li-ling, CHENG Zhe, DUAN Lei, et al. 2015: Distribution of groundwater salinity and formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in an arid desert transition zone. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3(3): 268-279.
Citation: ZHOU Li-ling, CHENG Zhe, DUAN Lei, et al. 2015: Distribution of groundwater salinity and formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in an arid desert transition zone. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3(3): 268-279.

Distribution of groundwater salinity and formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in an arid desert transition zone

  • Publish Date: 2015-09-28
  • This study reviews the distribution of groundwater salinity in an arid desert transition zone. By combining field experiments and computer simulation models we make a comprehensive analysis of the formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in relation to the paleogeographic conditions of lithofacies, the geochemical characteristics of the aquifer media, salt deliverability in the vadose zone and prevailing hydrodynamic conditions. The results demonstrate that (1) the lacustrine facies deposition stratum of the Huanhe formation in the Cretaceous system provides a brackish-salt groundwater environment; (2) the average salinity of parent rocks are approximately 440 mg/kg and 4 371 mg/kg in the Quaternary eolian sand and the Cretaceous Huanhe formation respectively, suggesting that parent rocks are the principal controlling factor in the distribution of groundwater quality given that mineral and chemical composition of the eolian sand is simpler than that of the Huanhe formation; (3) average groundwater flow rates are approximately 0.25 m/d and 0.1 m/d in eolian sand and Huanhe formation aquifers respectively, indicating that hydrodynamic conditions play an important role in driving in the formation and evolution of fresh groundwater; (4) The salinity deliverability in the vadose zone overlying the aeolian sand and Huanhe formation aquifers are approximately 15.97 mg/L and 220.42 mg/L respectively, signifying that the combination of lithology and salt content of vadose zone, rainfall infiltration, evapotranspiration and concentration heavily influence the formation, distribution and evolution of groundwater quality. This study can provide a scientific basis for the sustainable development and utilization of groundwater resources in arid areas.
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  • GUO Yong-hai, SHEN Zhao-li, ZHONG Zuo-shen. 2002. Hydeogelchemical modeling for the formation of deep-lying alkaline fresh groundwater in Hebei plain: A case study in Baoding and Cangzhou districts. Earth science-Journal of China University of Geosciences, 27(2):157-162 .
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    DING Zhen-yu, MA Jin-zhu, HE Jian-hua. 2009. Geochemical evolution of groundwater in the southwest of Tengger Desert, NW of China. Arid Land Geography, 32(6):948-957 .
    QI Hua, LI Guo-dong, LI Yu-wen. 1993. Desert facies of Zhidan Group in Ordos basin. Sedimentary Facies and Palaeogeography, 13(2):64-65 .
    Fisher R S, Mullican III W F. 1997. Hydro?chemical evolution of Soldium-Sulafte and Soldium-Chloride groundwater beneath the northern Chihuahuan Desert, Trans-Pecos, Texas, USA. Hydrogeology Journal, 5(2): 4-16 .
    Mandour A E, Yaouti F E, et al. 2007. Evolution of groundwater salinity in the unconfined aquifer of Bou-Areg, Northeastern Mediterranean coast, Morocco. Environmental Geology, 54(3):491-503 .
    LI Wen-peng, HAO Ai-bing. 1999. The formation and evolution model of groundwater and its significance in inland arid basin, northwest China. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, (4):28-32 .
    JIANG Xin-sheng, PAN Zhong-xi, FU Qing-ping. 2000. The change rule and climatic significance of early cretaceous palaeowind in Ordos basin. Science in China (series D), 30(2):195-201 .
    WANG Qi. 2009. Preliminary assessment of formation and distribution of salt-fresh water in the Ordos region of Inner Mongolia. Journal of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 30(4):168-171 .
    GAO Wen-bing. 2005. Application of inverse geochemical modeling in the evolution of Huanhe groundwater in Ordos basin. Xi’an: Chang’an university .
    ZHANG Hui. 2007. Study on groundwater numerical simulation and sustainable utilization in the blown-sand region of the Northern Shaanxi provience. Xi’an: Chang’an University .
    XIE Yuan, WANG Jian, et al. 2004. Relations of the Early Cretaceous lithofacies paleogeo- graphy to groundwater quality and distribu?tion in the Ordos basin. Geological Bulletin of China, 23(11): 1094-1102 .
    XIE Yuan, WANG Jian, et al. 2003. Sedimentology of Cretaceous aquifers in the Ordos basin. Regional Geology of China, 22(10):818-828 .
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