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Volume 4 Issue 1
Mar.  2016
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WANG Shi-qin, SONG Xian-fang, WEI Shou-cai, et al. 2016: Application of HYDRUS-1D in understanding soil water movement at two typical sites in the North China Plain. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(1): 1-11.
Citation: WANG Shi-qin, SONG Xian-fang, WEI Shou-cai, et al. 2016: Application of HYDRUS-1D in understanding soil water movement at two typical sites in the North China Plain. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(1): 1-11.

Application of HYDRUS-1D in understanding soil water movement at two typical sites in the North China Plain

  • Recharge and discharge, such as rainfall infiltration and evapotranspiration in vertical direction, are major processes of water cycle in the shallow groundwater area of the North China Plain. During these processes, soil water movement in the unsaturated zone plays an important role in the transformation from rainfall infiltration to groundwater. The soil water movement models were developed by using HYDRUS-1D software at two typical experimental sites in Cangzhou (CZ) and Hengshui (HS) with different soil, vegetation and similar climate conditions. As shown in the results, the comparison in precipitation infiltration features between the two sites is distinct. The soil water experiences strong evaporation after precipitation infiltration, which accounts for 63% of the total infiltration at the HS site where the soil is homogenous. It is this strong evaporation effect that leads to slight increase of soil water storage. At the CZ site, where the soil is heterogeneous, the evaporation effect exists from July to October of the simulation period. The total evaporation accounts for 33% of the total infiltration, and the evaporation rate is slow. At the end of the simulation period, the soil water storage increases and the water table decreases, indicating a strong storage capacity at this site.
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