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Volume 4 Issue 4
Dec.  2016
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LIU Shu-yuan, WANG Hong-qi. 2016: Dynamic assessment of pollution risk of groundwater source area in Northern China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(4): 333-343.
Citation: LIU Shu-yuan, WANG Hong-qi. 2016: Dynamic assessment of pollution risk of groundwater source area in Northern China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4(4): 333-343.

Dynamic assessment of pollution risk of groundwater source area in Northern China

  • Publish Date: 2016-12-28
  • Based on the dynamic analysis and research of pollution risk of groundwater sources, this paper creates the dynamic assessment method of pollution risk of groundwater source area under the theory of “source-pathway-receptor”, and applies this method to one typical fissure karst groundwater source area in northern China. Following the 30-year petroleum pollutant migration simulation and pollution risk assessment of groundwater source area, this study finds that the very high risk zone is mainly located in Q Petrochemical Company and the surrounding area and the area adjacent to River Z. Within this period of thirty years, the pollution risk of groundwater source area has showed a dynamic trend that features an inverted “V” shape. The ratio of very high risk zone to the total area will be 18.1%, 17.47% and 16.62% during the tenth year, the twentieth year and the thirtieth year separately, and will reach the highest level of 19.45% during the fifteenth year. Meanwhile, the vertical migration distance of pollutant centre concentration changed from the surface soil at the outset to the deepest point of about 250 meters underground during the tenth year. The results of this risk assessment indicate the dynamic feature of pollution risk. The dilution, degradation and migration of petroleum pollutants in groundwater system contribute to an ultimate decline in pollution risk.
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