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Volume 5 Issue 1
Mar.  2017
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Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 53-58.
Citation: Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 53-58.

Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR

  • The national economy of Lao PDR is highly dependent on water resources. Consequently, the sustainable management of groundwater and successful adaptations to future climate change are major concerns. Climate projections for Lao PDR predict increased rainfall and hot weather, with more intense rainfall events and more frequent and severe droughts and floods. Under climate change, reductions in the amount and quality of groundwater are two critical problems. Reductions of the groundwater level will restrict the access of local people to groundwater resources, thereby posing a threat to food security and livelihoods. Lao PDR suffers from a limited number of human resources with the requisite skills to perform groundwater investigations and provide sustainable management. For the successful implemen?tation of groundwater management plans, limitations associated with funding and technology should be resolved via support from the government and international cooperation. Advanced action plans for capacity building and training courses should be established to strengthen administrative and individual capacities. Technical measures, such as groundwater monitoring, aquifer characterizations, and water treatment systems, should be implemented to manage future climate change and water resource security.
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