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Volume 5 Issue 1
Mar.  2017
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Than Zaw, Maung Maung Than. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Myanmar. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 59-66.
Citation: Than Zaw, Maung Maung Than. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Myanmar. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 59-66.

Climate change and groundwater resources in Myanmar

  • Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia within the Mekong River Basin. The estimated annual surface and groundwater potentials are 1 081 km3 and 494 km3, respectively. Based on geological conditions, 11 different types of aquifers have been classified in Myanmar. The recent alluvial formation, Irrawaddy formation, Upper Pegu Group and Plateau limestone formation are the major water-bearing geologic formations of the country. In Myanmar, 89% of the groundwater is used for agriculture, approximately 8% is used for domestic consumption, and 3% is used for industrial purposes. Climate change projections for Myanmar from 2001 to 2100 predict general increases in temperature, clear-sky days, rainfall variability and flooding risks and a greater occurrence and intensity of extreme weather events across the country. Additional technology and investments are required to achieve groundwater resource security in response to climate changes. In addition, methods of ensuring the sustainability of groundwater resources must be implemented via collaborations with other countries and international sources.
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  • Mu Mu Than. 2016. Report on current state of water in Myanmar. Irrigation and Water Utilization Management Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation .
    Report on Myanmar’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change in Myanmar, 2012 .
    Departmental Report of Department of Geological Survey and Mineral Explora?tion (D.G.S.E), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environ-mental Conserva?tion, Myanmar .
    Departmental Report on Water Resources Potential of Myanmar, Irrigation and Water Resources Utilization Management Depart?ment, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation, Myanmar, 2016 .
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