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Volume 5 Issue 1
Mar.  2017
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SRISUK Kriengsak, NETTASANA Tussanee. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Thailand. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 67-75.
Citation: SRISUK Kriengsak, NETTASANA Tussanee. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Thailand. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 67-75.

Climate change and groundwater resources in Thailand

  • The average temperature of Thailand is projected to increase by 2-3 °C, and the annual rainfall is projected to increase by 25% and up to 50% in certain areas. The climate change in future is expected to provide changes in hydrological cycle and therefore impacts the groundwater resources too. In this study, we analyzed the general climate change trends and reviewed the groundwater conditions of Thailand. The climate changes, hydrologic variability and the impact of climate change on groundwater sustainability are also discussed based on a national groundwater monitoring program. Currently, there are 864 groundwater monitoring stations and 1 524 monitoring wells installed in Thailand. Moreover, the impact of climate change on groundwater-dependent systems and sectors is also discussed according to certain case studies, such as saline water intrusion in coastal and inland areas. Managing aquifer recharge and other projects are examples of groundwater adaptation project for the future.
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    [2] Yacob T Tesfaldet, Avirut Puttiwongrak, Tanwa Arpornthip, 2020: Spatial and temporal variation of groundwater recharge in shallow aquifer in the Thepkasattri of Phuket, Thailand, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 10-19.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.01.002
    [3] SADIKI Moulay Lhassan, EL MANSOURI Bouabid, BENSEDDIK Badr, CHAO Jamal, KILI Malika, EL MEZOUARY Lhoussaine, 2019: Improvement of groundwater resources potential by artificial recharge technique: A case study of Charf El Akab aquifer in the Tangier region, Morocco, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 7, 224-236.  doi: DOI: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2019.03.003
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    [8] Ramasamy Jayakumar, Eunhee Lee, 2017: Climate change and groundwater conditions in the Mekong Region–A review, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 14-30.
    [9] Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 53-58.
    [10] Duong D Bui, Nghia C Nguyen, Nuong T Bui, Anh T T Le, Dao T Le, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 76-90.
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    [18] Yun GAO, 2014: Coastal Case Study-Clarence City Council, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 21-28.
    [19] CHEN Qu, 2014: Anticipatory Adaptation Approaches to Climate Change--A Review and Discussion of Southern Australia’s Sustainable Water Management and Its Strategies and Shortcomings, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 54-61.
    [20] B.T. Hiller, N. Jadamba, 2013: Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 11-32.
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