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Volume 5 Issue 1
Mar.  2017
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Duong D Bui, Nghia C Nguyen, Nuong T Bui, et al. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 76-90.
Citation: Duong D Bui, Nghia C Nguyen, Nuong T Bui, et al. 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(1): 76-90.

Climate change and groundwater resources in Mekong Delta, Vietnam

  • Groundwater resources have considerable influences on the human population and socioeconomic development of Vietnam and the Mekong River Delta (MRD). This paper presents an overview of the relationship between climate change and groundwater in the MRD, including the challenges, strategies and technical measures. Our results showed that groundwater levels are related to other climate and hydrological variables (i.e., rainfall, river levels, etc.); therefore, the impacts of climate change on the groundwater resources of the Mekong delta are significant, especially on groundwater recharge. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that groundwater development in the future should focus on reducing groundwater harvesting, enhancing groundwater quantity by establishing artificial works and exploiting surface water. This study suggests that the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model is an effective tool for forecasting groundwater levels in periods of 1 month and 3 months for aquifers in the natural and tidal regime areas of the delta.
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    [2] Muhammad Juandi, 2020: Water sustainability model for estimation of groundwater availability in Kemuning district, Riau-Indonesia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 20-29.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.01.003
    [3] SADIKI Moulay Lhassan, EL MANSOURI Bouabid, BENSEDDIK Badr, CHAO Jamal, KILI Malika, EL MEZOUARY Lhoussaine, 2019: Improvement of groundwater resources potential by artificial recharge technique: A case study of Charf El Akab aquifer in the Tangier region, Morocco, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 7, 224-236.  doi: DOI: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2019.03.003
    [4] WANG Kui-feng, XU Meng, CHEN Xiao-man, 2017: The comprehensive evaluation on resource environmental bearing capacity of central cities in the Yellow River Delta-A case study on Dongying City, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 354-363.
    [5] Pezhman ROUDGARMI, Ebrahim FARAHANI, 2017: Investigation of groundwater quantitative change, Tehran Province, Iran, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 278-285.
    [6] Eunhee Lee, Kyoochul Ha, Nguyen Thi Minh Ngoc, Adichat Surinkum, Ramasamy Jayakumar, Yongje Kim, Kamaludin Bin Hassan, 2017: Groundwater status and associated issues in the Mekong-Lancang River Basin: International collaborations to achieve sustainable groundwater resources, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 1-13.
    [7] ZHOU Xun, 2017: Arsenic distribution and source in groundwater of Yangtze River Delta economic region, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 343-353.
    [8] SHANG Man-ting, LIU Pei-gui, LEI Chao, LIU Ming-chao, WU Liang, 2017: Effect of climate change on the trends of evaporation of phreatic water from bare soil in Huaibei Plain, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 213-221.
    [9] Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 53-58.
    [10] Chamroeun SOK, Sokuntheara CHOUP, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Cambodia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 31-43.
    [11] SRISUK Kriengsak, NETTASANA Tussanee, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Thailand, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 67-75.
    [12] Than Zaw, Maung Maung Than, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Myanmar, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 59-66.
    [13] BAI Bing, CHENG Yan-pei, JIANG Zhong-cheng, ZHANG Cheng, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 44-52.
    [14] Ramasamy Jayakumar, Eunhee Lee, 2017: Climate change and groundwater conditions in the Mekong Region–A review, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 14-30.
    [15] WANG Ji-ning, MENG Yong-hui, 2016: Characteristics analysis and model prediction of sea-salt water intrusion in lower reaches of the Weihe River, Shandong Province, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4, 149-156.
    [16] GAO Zong-jun, ZHU Zhen-hui, LIU Xiao-di, XU Yan-lan, 2014: The Formation and Model of High Fluoride Groundwater and In-situ Dispelling Fluoride Assumption in Gaomi City of Shandong Province, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 34-39.
    [17] Yun GAO, 2014: Coastal Case Study-Clarence City Council, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 21-28.
    [18] CHEN Qu, 2014: Anticipatory Adaptation Approaches to Climate Change--A Review and Discussion of Southern Australia’s Sustainable Water Management and Its Strategies and Shortcomings, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 54-61.
    [19] B.T. Hiller, N. Jadamba, 2013: Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 11-32.
    [20] Aizhong Ding, Lirong Cheng, Steve Thornton, Wei Huang, David Lerner, 2013: Groundwater quality Management in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1, 54-59.
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