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Volume 5 Issue 2
Jun.  2017
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HOU Guang-cai, YIN Li-he, XU Dan-dan. 2017: Hydrogeology of the Ordos Basin, China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(2): 104-115.
Citation: HOU Guang-cai, YIN Li-he, XU Dan-dan. 2017: Hydrogeology of the Ordos Basin, China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5(2): 104-115.

Hydrogeology of the Ordos Basin, China

  • Publish Date: 2017-06-28
  • The Ordos Basin is located in the east of NW China that is composed of different aquifer systems. Karst groundwater is stored in the Carmbrian-Ordovician carbonates along the margins of the basin. Fissured-pore water is present in the Cretaceous strata in the central-western basin and pore water is stored in the overlying Quaternary deposits discontinuously. The main origin of groundwater in the basin is direct or indirect infiltration of precipitation. Groundwater flows from recharge areas to adjacent local discharge areas. Besides evaporation and abstraction, groundwater feeds springs and rivers, such as the Yellow River and its tributaries. According to the karst aquifer lithologic structure, the features of karst development and circulation, the karst aquifer is divided into three structural and circulation patterns. Based on the control of Cretaceous sedimentary environment, lithologic structure, lithofacies, and palaeogeographic characteristics, the Cretaceous system is divided into the northern desert simple plateau aquifer system and the southern loess plateau aquifer system. PACKER was used to obtain temperature, hydrogeochemical and isotope data at specific depths. Groundwater circulation is studied using hydrodynamic fields, temperature fields, isotopes, hydrogeochemical data and numerical simulations. According to the result, it is divided into local, intermediate and regional systems.
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  • HOU Guang-cai, WANG De-qian. 2004. Ordos Basin groundwater resources and sustainable utilization. Xi’an: Shaanxi Science and Technology Press, 28-38.
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    WANG De-qian, LIU Zu-zhi, YIN Li-he. 2005. Hydrogeological characteristics and ground-water systems of the Ordos basin. Quaternary Sciences, 25(1): 6-14.
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    Herczeg A L, Torgersen T, et al. 1991. Geochemistry of ground waters from the Great Artesian Basin, Australia. Journal of Hydrology, 126(3-4): 225-245.
    YIN Li-he, HOU Guang-cai, et al. 2010. Origin and recharge estimates of groundwater in the Ordos Plateau, People’s Republic of China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 60(8): 1731- 1738.
    XIE Yuan, WANG Jian, et al. 2003. Sedimen?tology of Cretaceous aquifers in the Ordos Basin. Regional Geology of China, 22(10): 818-828.
    LIU Shi-an, HUANG Zhong-xin, et al. 1996. The formed distribution of groundwater formation in Cretaceous in Ordos Basin. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 10(1): 1-13.
    LI Wen-peng, HAO Ai-bing, et al. 2000. Tarim basin groundwater development vision research. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 86-94.
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    LI Wen-peng, ZHOU Hong-chun, et al. 2005. Groundwater flow system in the typical arid area of Northwest China. Beijing: Earthquake Press.
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