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Volume 1 Issue 2
Oct.  2013
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Peter MALIK, Dagmar HAVIAROVA, Anton AUXT, et al. 2013: Isotopic Composition of Waters in the Dem?novská dolina Valley and Its Underground Hydrologic System During Winter and Spring of 2010/2011. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1(2): 14-23.
Citation: Peter MALIK, Dagmar HAVIAROVA, Anton AUXT, et al. 2013: Isotopic Composition of Waters in the Dem?novská dolina Valley and Its Underground Hydrologic System During Winter and Spring of 2010/2011. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1(2): 14-23.

Isotopic Composition of Waters in the Dem?novská dolina Valley and Its Underground Hydrologic System During Winter and Spring of 2010/2011

  • In the Dem?novská dolina Cave system (Slovakia) and its vicinity, 32 sampling places for regular observation (in 2-months interval) of δ18O and δ2H in water were established. This monitoring included precipitation waters, waters in the surface streams, waters of the underground hydrological system as well as the dripping seepage waters of the cave system. Altitudinal extent of the area was from 800 m a.s.l. (lowermost cave entrance) to 2024 m a.s.l. (Chopok Mt. on the top of the crystalline range). Initial results show some similarities but also differences within the analyzed water types. For precipitation, a high variability of isotopic composition was confirmed, from quite depleted up to more enriched waters (δ18O from -16.8‰ up to -5.7‰; δ2H from -121.6‰ to -32.7‰). During the recharge process and groundwater/surface water formation, precipitation water is homogenized, what is reflected in much more stable isotope content. The most depleted (δ18O ≈ -11.7‰ to -10.8‰; δ2H ≈ -78.9‰ to -73.4‰) were the waters of surface streams, running from the northern slopes of the Nízke Tatry Mts., formed by crystalline rocks, alochtonous to the under?ground hydrological system. Smaller autochtonous surface water streams (formed in the side valleys of the main karstic canyon) are slightly enriched (heavier, as δ18O ≈ -11.4‰ to -10.6‰; δ2H ≈ -78.3‰ to -71.5‰), what reflects lower altitudes of their watersheds. Interesting is the distribution of the isotope content of the underground streams in the cave system. The most depleted are the underground streams directly (visibly) communicating with surface waters (δ18O≈-11.33±0.13‰; δ2H≈-76.88±1.68‰). Extent of the relationship of underground streams to the autochtonous seepage waters (slow circulation through the fissures) is manifested by respective portion of iso?topically enriched waters–as the underground streams show different isotope composition. The combination of the alochtonous water components (from surface streams reaching the karstic area from the adjacent crystalline via swallow holes) and autochtonous water components (recharged directly in karstified limestones) is visible especially on the subsurface stream of Dem?novka. The most isotopically enriched (heaviest) of all water types are dripping seepage waters (δ18O ≈ -10.4‰ to -9.4‰; δ2H ≈ -71.6‰ to -65.0‰).
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  • Biely, A. & Bezák, V. (eds.), Bujnovsky, A., Vozárová, A., Klinec, A., Miko, O., Halouzka, R., Vozár, J., Beňu?ka, P., Hanzel, V., Kube?, P., Li??ák, P., Luká?ik, E., Maglay, J., Molák, B., Pulec, M., Puti?, M. & Slavkay, M., 1997: Vysvetlivky ku geologickej mape Nízkych Tatier 1: 50 000. GúD?, Bratislava, pp. 232
    Malík, P. & Michalko, J. 2010: Oxygen Isotopes in Different Recession Subregimes of Karst Springs in the Brezovské Karpaty Mts. (Slovakia). Acta Carsologica 39/2, Postojna 2010, 271–287
    Malík, P., Michalko, J. & Rapant, S. 1993: ?truktúrnohydrogeologická analyza karbonátov triasu krí?ňanského príkrovu vo Ve?kej Fatre. Manuscript-Archive of the Geofond Branch, State Geological Institute of Dionyz ?túr, Bratislava, Arch. No. 79413, pp. 277
    Haviarová, D., Malík, P., Grolmusová, Z., Veis, P., Michalko, J. 2011: Predbe?né vysledky monitorovania izotopového zlo?enia v?d v Dem?novskej doline a jej podzemnom hydrologickom systéme. Aragonit 16/1-2 2011, p. 69-70
    IAEA 2002: Water and Environment Newsletter of the Isotope Hydrology Section, International Atomic Energy Agency. Issue No.16, November 2002, p. 5
    Biely, A. (ed.), Beňu?ka, P., Bezák, V., Bujnovsky, A., Halouzka, R., Ivani?ka, J., Kohút, M., Klinec, A., Luká?ik, E., Maglay, J., Miko, O., Pulec, M., Puti?, M. & Vozár, J., 1992: Geologická mapa Nízkych Tatier 1:50 000, GúD?, Bratislava, map sheet
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