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Volume 1 Issue 1
Oct.  2013
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B.T. Hiller, N. Jadamba. 2013: Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1(1): 11-32.
Citation: B.T. Hiller, N. Jadamba. 2013: Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 1(1): 11-32.

Groundwater Use in the Selenge River Basin, Mongolia

  • The Selenge River Basin occupies a total area of 447,000 km2, of which 343,000 km2 is located within Mongolia (the remainder is in Russia). The basin is characterized by an extreme continental climate, consisting of harsh, cold, dry winters and short, hot summers. Annual average temperatures are approximately -4°C and annual rainfall ranges from 220 mm to 450 mm.The Selenge River Basin is a critical groundwater resource for Mongolia. Greater than 55% (~1.5 million) of Mongolia’s population resides within the basin and, during 2003, an estimated average of 700,000 m3/day of water was abstracted from the basin’s groundwater system. The basin services Mongolia’s largest cities and industries (including the rapidly expanding mining sector) as well as important traditional pastoral ranges.
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  • Institute of Geoecology, 2005, Water Resources Division Archives, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    National Statistical Office of Mongolia, 2005, Mongolian Statistical Yearbook 2004, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, 2000, www.unesco.org/water
    Wolf, A.T., Natharius, J.A., Danielson, J.J, Ward, B.S. & Pender, J.K, 1999, International River Basins of the World, International Journal of Water Resources Development, Vol. 15, No. 4, Dec 1999
    Oyunbaatar, C., 2002, The Current Status and Management of Solid Waste Treatment in Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia, Department of Furnishing, Manufacturing and Service, Governor’s Office, Khan-Uul District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Kartavin, B.A. & Marinov, H.A., 1976, Methods of Natural Groundwater Recourse Surveying and Evaluation in Arid Zones of Mongolia, joint Soveit-Mongolian Scientific Research Expedition, Vol 16, pp 7-104, Moscow
    Jadamba, N., 2006, Personal Communications, Institute of Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Geosystems Global Corporation, 2006, www.mongolembassy.org
    Janchivdorj, L., 2005, Current Social and Environmental Situation of the Selenge River Basin and Associated Management Challenges, Institute of Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Ministry of Water Economy, The People’s Republic of Mongolia, the Institute of Scientific Exploration and the Project on Water, 1986, Atlas of Water Resource Protection and Utilization in the Selenge River Basin, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Legend Tour, 2006, www.legend.tour.ru
    United Nations Development Program, 2004, Access to Water and Sanitation Services in Mongolia, United Nations Mongolia Office, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Jadamba, N., Grimmelmann, W. & Kampe, A., 2003, Hydrogeological Map of Mongolia, 1:1,000,000 Explantory Notes, pp. 7-45, Hanover, Germany
    National Atlas of Mongolia, 1990, pp. 61, Moscow
    Kudelin, B.I., 1960, Principles of Regional Estimation of Groundwater Natural Resources, pp 55-209, Moscow State University, Russia
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