• ISSN 2305-7068
  • Indexed by ESCI CABI CAS
  • DOAJ Scopus GeoRef AJ CNKI
Advanced Search
Volume 9 Issue 4
Dec.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Liu M, Nie ZL, Cao L, et al. 2021. Comprehensive evaluation on the ecological function of groundwater in the Shiyang River watershed. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9(4): 326-340 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.04.006
Citation: Liu M, Nie ZL, Cao L, et al. 2021. Comprehensive evaluation on the ecological function of groundwater in the Shiyang River watershed. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9(4): 326-340 doi:  10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.04.006

Comprehensive evaluation on the ecological function of groundwater in the Shiyang River watershed

doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.04.006
More Information
  • Corresponding author: nzlngj@163.com
  • Received Date: 2021-03-02
  • Accepted Date: 2021-10-26
  • Publish Date: 2021-12-15
  • With an arid climate and shortage of water resources, the groundwater dependent ecosystems in the oasis–desert ecotone of the Shiyang River Watershed has been extremely damaged, and the water crisis in the oasis has become a major concern in the social and the scientific community. In this study, the degeneration characteristics of the groundwater ecological function was identified and comprehensive evaluated, based on groundwater depth data, vegetation quadrat and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from Landsat program. The results showed that (1) the suitable groundwater depth for sustainable ecology in the Shiyang River Watershed is about 2-4 m; (2) the terms of degenerative, qualitative and disastrous stages of the groundwater ecological function are defined with the groundwater depths of about 5 m, 7 m and 10 m; (3) generally, the groundwater ecological function in the oasis-desert ecotone of the lower reaches of Shiyang River Watershed is weak with an area of 1 397.9 km2 identified as the severe deterioration region, which accounted 74.7% of the total area. In the meantime, the percentages of the good, mild and moderate deterioration areas of groundwater ecological function are 3.5%, 5.5% and 16.3%, respectively, which were mainly distributed in the Qingtu lake area and the southeastern area of the Shoucheng town; (4) the degradation and shrinkage of natural oasis could be attributed to the dramatic groundwater decline, which is generally caused by irrational use of water and soil resources. This study could provide theoretical basis and scientific support for the decision-making in environmental management and ecological restoration of the Shiyang River Watershed.
  • 加载中
  • Amus DE, Froend R, Loomes R, et al. 2006. A functional methodology for determining the groundwater regime needed to maintain the health of groundwater-dependent vegetation. Australian Journal of Botany, 54: 97-114. doi:  10.1071/BT05031
    Cao L, Nie ZL, Liu M, et al. 2020. Changes in natural vegetation growth and groundwater depth and their relationship in the Minqin oasis in the Shiyang River Basin. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 47(3): 25-33. (in Chinese)
    Cao L, Nie ZL, Liu M, et al. 2021. The ecological relationship of groundwater–soil–vegetation in the Oasis–Desert transition zone of the Shiyang River Basin. Water, 13(12): 1642. doi:  10.3390/w13121642
    Cui Y, Shao J. 2010. The role of ground water in arid/semiarid ecosystems, Northwest China. Ground Water, 43(4): 471-477.
    Dong H, Ge LQ. 2015. Groundwater ecological environment and the mapping of Asia. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3(2): 118-126.
    Fang JY, Wang XP, Shen ZH, et al. 2009. Methods and protocols for plant community inventory. Biodiversity Science, 17(6): 533-548. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.09253
    Glazer AN, Likens GE. 2012. The water table: The shifting foundation of life on land. Ambio, 41(7): 657-669. doi:  10.1007/s13280-012-0328-8
    Guo ZR, Liu HT. 2005. Eco-depth of groundwater table for natural vegetation in inland basin, Northwestern China. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 19(3): 157-161. (in Chinese)
    Hao Y, Xie Y, Ma J, et al. 2017. The critical role of local policy effects in arid watershed groundwater resources sustainability: A case study in the Minqin oasis, China. Science of the Total Environment, 601-602: 1084-1096. doi:  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.177
    Huang F, Zhang Y, Zhang D, et al. 2019. Environmental groundwater depth for groundwater-dependent terrestrial ecosystems in arid/semiarid regions: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5): 763. doi:  10.3390/ijerph16050763
    Huang XQ, Yu YQ, Sun YL. 2014. Construction of ecological environment of oasis in Qingtongxia Irrigation District. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2(3): 78-84.
    Jia BQ, Ci LJ, Cai TJ, et al. 2002. Preliminary research on environmental characteristics of oasis desert ecotone. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 13(9): 1104-1108. (in Chinese)
    Jin XM, Wang ST, Xia W. 2016. Response of vegetation to variation in climate and groundwater in the Qaidam Basin. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 43(2): 31-36. (in Chinese)
    Jin XM. 2010. Quantitative relationship between the desert vegetation and groundwater depth in Ejina Oasis, the Heihe River Basin. Earth Science Frontiers, 17(6): 181-186. (in Chinese)
    Li X, Cheng G, Ge Y, et al. 2018. Hydrological cycle in the Heihe river basin and its implication for water resource management in Endorheic Basins. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 123(2): 890-914. doi:  10.1002/2017JD027889
    Liu H., Zhong HP, Gu Y. 2001. Water resources development and oasis evolution in inland river basin of arid zone of Northwest China — A case study: Minqin Basin of Shiyang River. Advances in Water Science, 9(3): 378-384. (in Chinese)
    Liu M, Nie ZL, Wang JZ, et al. 2014. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of groundwater resources carrying capacity in North China Plain. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 34(6): 311-315. (in Chinese)
    Liu SJ, Yuan HB, Liu SZ, et al. 2013. Relationship and variation of riparian vegetation species diversity and groundwater table in middle and lower reaches of Shiyang River. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 20(05): 141-144. (in Chinese)
    Ma JZ, Wei H. 2003. The ecological and environmental problems caused by the excessive exploitation and utilization of groundwater resources in the Minqin Basin, Gansu Province. Arid Zone Research, 20(4): 261-265. (in Chinese)
    Ma XH, Wang S. 2005. Relationship between vegetation degradation and groundwater level and mineralization in Shule River Basin, Gansu Province. Journal of Gansu Forestry Science and Technology, 30(2): 53-54. (in Chinese)
    MacKay, Heather. 2006. Protection and management of groundwater-dependent ecosystems: Emerging challenges and potential approaches for policy and management. Australian Journal of Botany, 54(2): 231-237. doi:  10.1071/BT05047
    Naumburg E, Mata-Gonzalez R, Hunter R G, et al. 2005. Phreatophytic vegetation and groundwater fluctuations: A review of current research and application of ecosystem response modelling with an emphasis on Great Basin vegetation. Environmental Management, 35(6): 726-740.
    Shi WL, Liu SJ, Liu SZ. 2017. Influence analysis of artificial water transfer on the regional ecological environment of Qingtu lake in the lower reaches of the Shiyang river. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(18): 5951-5960. (in Chinese)
    Wang F, Liang RJ, Yang XL, et al. 2002. A study of ecological water requirements in northwest China. Ⅰ: Theoretical analysis. Journal of Natural Resources, 17(1): 1-8. (in Chinese)
    Wang H, Zhang M, Zhu H, et al. 2012. Hydro-climatic trends in the last 50 years in the lower reach of the Shiyang River Basin, NW China. CATENA, 95: 33-41. doi:  10.1016/j.catena.2012.03.003
    Wang XY, Chen XS, Ding QP, et al. 2018. Vegetation and soil environmental factor characteristics and their relationship at different desertification stages: A case study in the Minqin desert-oasis ecotone. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 38(5): 1569-1580. (in Chinese)
    Xiang M, Yao J, Wang JY. 2017. Effects of groundwater in Shajingzi region of Minqin lake area on vegetation succession of Desert. Protection Forest Science and Technology, 163(4): 46-47. (in Chinese)
    Xu HL, Song YD, Wang Q, et al. 2004. The effect of groundwater level on vegetation in the middle and lower reaches of the Tarim River, Xinjiang, China. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 28(3): 400-405. (in Chinese)
    Yang HD, Feng Q, Guo XY. 2017. Variation of groundwater depth and its influence factors in the Minqin Oasis in 1999-2013. Journal of Desert Research, 37(3): 562-570. (in Chinese)
    Yang J. 2018. Study on the relationship between vegetation and groundwater depth in desert oasis area of Shiyang River Basin. Gansu. Water Resources and Hydropower technology: 54(12): 1-4. (in Chinese)
    Yang XF. 2011. Study on the vegetation response to dynamic change of groundwater levele and climate changes in Minqin oasis. M. S. thesis, Northwest A$ F University: 39. (in Chinese)
    Yang ZH, Fang ET, Liu HJ, et al. 2007. Effect of water table to niche of plant population at Minqin oasis fringe. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27(11): 4900-4906. (in Chinese)
    Yang ZH, Gao ZH. 2000. Impact of precipitation and underground water level in the edge of oases on growth and decline of Nitrariatangugtorum community. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 11(06): 923-926. (in Chinese)
    Zhang CQ. 2017. Holocene environmental change and carbon cycle in endorheic basins – a case study in the Shiyang River drainage basin. Ph. D. thesis. Lanzhou: Lanzhou University: 15. (in Chinese)
    Zhang WH, Wei XM, Li YG. 2009. Groundwater dynamic evolution under climatic change and human activites in Shiyang River Basin. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 16(1): 183-187. (in Chinese)
    Zhao P, Xu XY, Qu JJ, et al. 2017. Relationships between artificial Haloxylon ammodendron communities and soil-water factors in Minqin oasis-desert ecotone. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(5): 1496-1505.
    Zhu Y, Chen Y, Ren L, et al. 2016. Ecosystem restoration and conservation in the arid inland river basins of Northwest China: Problems and strategies. Ecological Engineering, 94: 629-637. doi:  10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.06.107
  • Relative Articles

    [1] Zhe Wang, Li-juan Wang, Jian-mei Shen, Zhen-long Nie, Le Cao, Ling-qun Meng, 2024: Groundwater recharge via precipitation in the Badain Jaran Desert, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 12, 109-118.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2024.9280009
    [2] Xiu-bo Sun, Chang-lai Guo, Jing Zhang, Jia-quan Sun, Jian Cui, Mao-hua Liu, 2023: Spatial-temporal difference between nitrate in groundwater and nitrogen in soil based on geostatistical analysis, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11, 37-46.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280004
    [3] Muhammad Irfan, Sri Safrina, Erry Koriyanti, Netty Kurniawati, Khairul Saleh, Iskhaq Iskandar, 2023: Effects of climate anomaly on rainfall, groundwater depth, and soil moisture on peatlands in South Sumatra, Indonesia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11, 81-88.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280008
    [4] Guo-Qiang Yu, Qian Wang, Li-Feng Zhu, Xia Zhang, 2023: Regulation of vegetation pattern on the hydrodynamic processes of erosion on hillslope in Loess Plateau, China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 11, 4-19.  doi: 10.26599/JGSE.2023.9280002
    [5] Liang Zhu, Jing-tao Liu, Ming-nan Yang, Yu-xi Zhang, De-ping Wen, 2021: Evolutionary trend of water cycle in Beichuan River Basin of China under the influence of vegetation restoration, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9, 202-211.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.03.003
    [6] Xue-ya Dang, Na Lu, Xiao-fan Gu, Xiao-mei Jin, 2021: The relationship between groundwater and natural vegetation in Qaidam Basin, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 9, 341-349.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2021.04.007
    [7] Mohammad Tofayal Ahmed, Minhaj Uddin Monir, Md Yeasir Hasan, Md Mominur Rahman, Md Shamiul Islam Rifat, Md Naim Islam, Abu Shamim Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Md Shajidul Islam, 2020: Hydro-geochemical evaluation of groundwater with studies on water quality index and suitability for drinking in Sagardari, Jashore, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 8, 259-273.  doi: 10.19637/j.cnki.2305-7068.2020.03.006
    [8] Pezhman ROUDGARMI, Ebrahim FARAHANI, 2017: Investigation of groundwater quantitative change, Tehran Province, Iran, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 278-285.
    [9] Khongsab Somphone, OunakoneKone Xayviliya, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Lao PDR, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 53-58.
    [10] Ramasamy Jayakumar, Eunhee Lee, 2017: Climate change and groundwater conditions in the Mekong Region–A review, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 14-30.
    [11] Duong D Bui, Nghia C Nguyen, Nuong T Bui, Anh T T Le, Dao T Le, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Mekong Delta, Vietnam, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 76-90.
    [12] SRISUK Kriengsak, NETTASANA Tussanee, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Thailand, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 67-75.
    [13] Than Zaw, Maung Maung Than, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Myanmar, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 59-66.
    [14] BAI Bing, CHENG Yan-pei, JIANG Zhong-cheng, ZHANG Cheng, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in China, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 44-52.
    [15] Chamroeun SOK, Sokuntheara CHOUP, 2017: Climate change and groundwater resources in Cambodia, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 5, 31-43.
    [16] YU Kai-ning, LIAO An-ran, 2016: Primary study on evaluation index system for groundwater exploitation potentiality based on the niche theories, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 4, 18-25.
    [17] JIA Rui-liang, ZHOU Jin-long, LI Qiao, LI Yang, 2015: Analysis of evaporation of high-salinity phreatic water at a burial depth of 0 m in an arid area, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 1-8.
    [18] ZHOU Li-ling, CHENG Zhe, DUAN Lei, WANG Wen-ke, 2015: Distribution of groundwater salinity and formation mechanism of fresh groundwater in an arid desert transition zone, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 268-279.
    [19] XU Guang-ming, QI Jian-feng, BI Pan, BAI Gao-feng, 2015: Distribution and evolution features of salinized soil in Hebei Plain, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 3, 21-29.
    [20] HUANG Xiao-qin, YU Yan-qing, SUN Yong-liang, 2014: Construction of ecological environment of oasis in Qingtongxia Irrigation District, Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2, 78-84.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    Figures(7)  / Tables(4)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (516) PDF downloads(49) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    Welcome to Journal of Groundwater Science and  Engineering!

    Quick Submit

    Online Submission   E-mail Submission

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return