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Volume 2 Issue 2
Jun.  2014
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ZHANG Cheng, Mahippong Worakul, WANG Jin-liang, et al. 2014: Hydrogeochemical Features of Karst in the Western Thailand. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2(2): 18-26.
Citation: ZHANG Cheng, Mahippong Worakul, WANG Jin-liang, et al. 2014: Hydrogeochemical Features of Karst in the Western Thailand. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2(2): 18-26.

Hydrogeochemical Features of Karst in the Western Thailand

  • Publish Date: 2014-06-28
  • The hydrogeochemical features of typical karst region in Western Thailand were discussed based on the high-resolution automatic hydrochemical monitor and karst spring water quality test data. The standard dissolution tablet method was employed to calculate dissolution rate of different lands and main characters and dynamic factors of Thailand karst growth were analyzed. Comparing with the typical karst spring region in the southwest China, karstic water of the Western Thailand has the features of high calcium (100-120 mg/L), high contents of bicarbonate ions (8.6-9.3 mmol/L) and high specific conductance (700-820 μs/cm); the dissolution quantity of soils in the dry season was between 28.95 mg/m2?d and 214.84 mg/m2?d; the annual dissolution quantity was twice-three times greater than that of Jinfo Mountain in Chongqing or Guangxi Mashan County peak cluster depressions, indicating that under the condition of tropical monsoon climate, the karst process in river catchment was significantly stronger than that of subtropical karst region in the southwest China
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  • KiernanK. Mangroves, Mountains, Munching Molluscs. 1988. The evolution of a tropical coastline. Helictite. 26: 16-31.
    ZHANG Cheng, XIE Yun-qiu, et al. 2006. The impacts of different landuse types on karst process——taking the Karst system of Nongla Peak cluster depression in Guangxi as the Example. Journal of Geographical Science. 61(11): 1181-l188.
    Zhang Cheng. 2011. Carbonate rock dissolution rates in different landuses and their carbon sink effect. Chinese Sci Bull. 56(35): 3759-3765.
    ZHANG Cheng, CAO Jian-hua. 2003. Comparative study on dynamic change features of surface karst spring under different vegetation conditions-taking Mashan Nongla Landiantang Spring and Dongwang Spring in Guangxi as the example. Karst in China. 22(1): 1-5.
    DunkleyJ R. 1985. Karst and Caves of the Nam Lang - Nam Khong Region, North Thailand. Helictite. 23(1): 3-22.
    Yuan Daoxian, LIU Zai-hua. 1998. Global karst correlation. Beijing: Science Press.
    PAN Gen-xing, SUN Yu-hua, et al. 2000. Carbon distribution and transfer in the karst soil system of humid subtropical peak cluster depression. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology. 11(1): 69-72.
    ZHANG Cheng, JIANG Zhong-cheng, et al. 2013. Karst landform and hydrogeochemical features of western Thailand and comparison with karst in the Southwest China. Karst in China. 33(1): 1-8.
    DeharvengL, GouzeA. 1983. Grottes et karsts des environs de Chieng Mai (Thailande). Karstologia. 2: 55-60.
    ZHANG Cheng. 2010. Dissolution rate season variation of tablets in different landuse types and the influence factors--taking Jifo Mountain in Chongqing as an example. Geological Review. 56(1): 136-140.
    YUAN Dao-xian, LIU Zai-hua, et al. 2003. Carbon cycle and karst geology environment. Beijing: Science Press.
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