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Volume 2 Issue 3
Jan.  2015
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GONG Jian-shi, ZHU Chun-fang, YE Nian-jun, et al. 2014: Experimental study of impact of a certain polluted river on groundwater along river bank in Southeast China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2(3): 8-16.
Citation: GONG Jian-shi, ZHU Chun-fang, YE Nian-jun, et al. 2014: Experimental study of impact of a certain polluted river on groundwater along river bank in Southeast China. Journal of Groundwater Science and Engineering, 2(3): 8-16.

Experimental study of impact of a certain polluted river on groundwater along river bank in Southeast China

  • Based on the large scale land and resources survey project--groundwater contamination survey in southeast China, a certain polluted river and its typical sites along its bank were selected as research objectives. Such river is a comprehensive sewage channel for certain provincial capital city, with complicated types of pollutants. Based on the analysis on water level of horizonal and vertical hydrogeologic profile and water quality monitoring data, the impact and range of the polluted river on local groundwater were evaluated. Data show that the polluted river supplies water to underground aquifers throughout the year, which has great impact on groundwater horizontally, but different ions have different responses. Major influential indexes such as inorganic component 3-nitrogen, sulphate, chloride etc. present an obvious relevance, while iron, manganese, fluoride, arsenic and heavy metal and so on are less impacted. The first four indexes in groundwater are less impacted by the surface sewage because of their protogenesis, and heavy metal components become less due to sediment filtration. Data also show that deep groundwater is less influenced, on the contrary, ammonia nitrogen ion is obviously impacted. On the basis of influence degree as well as range of evaluation, some factors that caused the existing influence were discussed and proposes feasible study direction.
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